The embarrassment of the international community at the provisional results of the elections held on December 30, 2018 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), was expressed to its full extent, Friday, January 11.
Like France, which seeks its position, gropes and weaves. The Foreign Minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, found himself alone on Thursday, January 10, contest the results in the presidential election proclaimed a few hours earlier by the Electoral Commission (CENI) which augurs the first peaceful political alternation of the history of the DRC.
According to him, Martin Fayulu "A priori" and not Felix Tshisekedi, his opposition rival, who came close to the outgoing president's regime, Joseph Kabila, whose dolphin came in third.
France, like the European Union (EU) and the United States, did not have any electoral observers on the spot. Mr. Le Drian relies on an unpublished report of the National Bishops Conference of Congo (Cenco) which deployed 40,000 observers covering all polling stations.
The Elysee is much more nuanced. Like the French ambassador to the United Nations (UN), François Delattre. "As stressed by the African Union (AU), it is essential that any challenge to the results, including their non-compliance with the verdict at the polls, be done peacefully, through the use of legal procedures in force and the political dialogue between all stakeholders ", said Delattre at a meeting of the Security Council on the situation in the DRC.
The same day, Martin Fayulu claimed his victory and railed against a "Electoral coup", trying vainly to mobilize the street. In the big cities, calm prevailed and life had resumed, as in Kinshasa, the capital, where there were however two deaths, Thursday. 550 km east, in Kikwit, Fayulu's stronghold, twelve dead, including two lynched policemen – out of the eighteen identified by the UN for the time being – were reported the same day during protests against Mr. Tshisekedi's victory.
Continue the Kabila era
Persuaded to have obtained 61.51% of the votes, (against 34.8%, according to the CENI), Martin Fayulu announced the filing of a complaint for fraud before the Constitutional Court, reworked in May 2018 to integrate faithful of Joseph Kabila, including Norbert Nkulu, former ambassador and well-known jurist who was one of the architects of the "slip", the series of postponements of elections despite the end of the second and final constitutional term of Mr. Kabila, December 19, 2016.