President Moon Jae-in is speaking at a meeting of chief and advisors held at the Blue House on the 22nd. yunhap news

As the domestic vaccination of the new coronavirus infection (Corona 19) vaccine begins on the 26th, the battle is intensifying over who will receive the ‘1 vaccine’. President Moon Jae-in, the Minister of Health and Welfare, and the head of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), and other national leaders are facing the stance that it is against fairness because it is not a priority target for vaccination. By what criteria did countries around the world who started vaccination before Korea chose vaccine 1? There are three models of vaccine No. 1 targets by country.

① Priority to high-risk elderly people

Margaret Keenan, 90, who received Pfizer’s Corona 19 vaccine for the first time in the world, is being discharged from Coventry Hospital in the UK on December 9 last year (local time) holding the hands of her daughter Su and grandson Conner. [AFP]

First of all, this is a case of selecting elderly people who are at high risk for Corona 19 as the first vaccine target. The UK, which started vaccination for the first time in the world on December 8 last year, named Margaret Keenan, who was at the time of her 91st birthday, as the first target. The UK government has selected national health service (NHS) employees who are 80 years of age or older, residents or employees of nursing hospitals, exposed to high risk or in poor health, as priority targets. Among them, it was a judgment that reflected the results of research that the elderly are particularly at risk. France and Spain also selected Morissette, 78, in a long-term care facility, and Aracelli Rosario Hidalgo, 96, living in a nursing home, as the first vaccinations last year.

② Front-line medical staff caring for corona 19 patients

Sandra Lindsay, a nurse at New York Hospital who received the first COVID-19 vaccine in the United States. AP=Yonhap News

The second is the case where the forefront medical staff caring for corona19 patients was put forward as the first inoculation. On December 14, last year, in the United States, black nurse Sandra Lindsay, 52, became the first vaccination. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended inoculation with Corona 19 medical staff as the top priority candidates, followed by senior citizens living in long-term care facilities and employees. Lindsay was selected as the first candidate for vaccination because she risked her life to take care of patients when the corona19 pandemic began in New York early last year. However, the local media believes that the infection damage of people of color was more serious than whites in the United States, and the fact that blacks were more distrustful of vaccines was reflected in the reason for the selection of candidates for vaccination.

Not only the United States, but also Japan, who has been vaccinated since the 17th, selected Kazuhiro Araki, the director of the Tokyo Medical Center, as the first vaccine. In Japan, 40,000 medical workers such as doctors and nurses at 100 national medical institutions nationwide were included as priority vaccinations, and this was reflected.

③National leader vaccination #1

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu gets vaccinated against the novel coronavirus infection (Corona 19). [AFP]

Lastly, the president and other national leaders volunteered for the first vaccine in their country. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Czech Prime Minister Andrei Babis are representative. In the case of Prime Minister Netanyahu, he was vaccinated last December at the age of 71. At the time, when a poll resulted that one-third of Israeli citizens were reluctant to vaccination, he said, “I will set an example and persuade the people that vaccination is necessary.” Israel currently ranks first in the world for the number of vaccinations per population. Although it is not the first vaccination in Korea, President Biden of the United States took the lead in vaccination early as an elected state, and Queen Elizabeth of England was also vaccinated with her husband Philip Gong.

The first vaccine in Korea is’AZ’, not Pfizer

On the afternoon of the 18th, President Moon Jae-in is demonstrating a comparison between a general syringe and a minimum residual type syringe at Poonglim Pharmatech, a facility for producing the least residual type (LDS) syringe for corona 19 vaccination in Gunsan, Jeollabuk-do. yunhap news

However, it differs from Korea in that all of the vaccine 1 vaccinators in the above 3 cases received the’Pfizer’ vaccine. Unlike the Pfizer vaccine, AstraZeneca, which will be introduced for the first time in Korea on the 26th, is controversial over its effect on the elderly over the age of 65. The disease agency also raised controversy as it decided to postpone vaccinations for the elderly over 65 until additional clinical results in the US at the end of March.

President Moon is 68 years old and is not included in the AZ vaccination target, but some argue that there is no safety problem as a result of consulting with the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, so President Moon should take the initiative to increase public confidence in the vaccine.

Janssen, the world’s No. 1 inoculum is the President of South Africa

South African President Cyril Lamafossa vaccination against novel coronavirus infection (Corona 19). [로이터]

In countries where vaccinations other than Pfizer have begun, national leaders are taking the lead in vaccination. President Cyril Lamaposa of South Africa was the first in the world to receive the Janssen vaccine. As the Janssen vaccine has not been approved for emergency use in any other country in the world, it seems to be aimed at calming down the high public anxiety.

In the case of Indonesian President Joko Widodo (59), he became the number one vaccination in his country by importing the Chinese Synovac vaccine. At the time, President Joko Widodo’s vaccination was broadcast live on YouTube, and more than 60,000 people watched it in real time. Turkey’s health minister Fahretin Koza also stepped forward as the first inoculation while introducing the Synovac vaccine. In addition, in France, where the AZ vaccine was introduced, as distrust increased, French Health Minister Olivier Berand gave a public vaccination.

Jeong Ki-seok, a professor of respiratory medicine at Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, said, “45% of the people are hesitant to get vaccination, but if you leave the current atmosphere, you may suffer later. If you start a nursing hospital first, you will definitely have to die, and if you are unlucky, problems related to vaccines can arise.” He said, “The president and the leadership, including the third part, must take the lead.” Eun-mi Chun, a professor of respiratory internal medicine at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, commented on the point that there could be a controversy over fairness if the social leaders were met first. “I don’t think there are many people who will protest just because some social leaders are right first.”

Reporter Woorim Lee yi.woolim@joongang.co.kr


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