" A new stage of decentralization that our country needs to meet the needs of innovation and freedom of communities. This is how MPs Jean-René Cazeneuve (LREM) and Arnaud Viala (LR) conclude their report on the possibilities and benefits of a new right to community differentiation. If the constitutional reform project (article 72) and the organic law of the executive is completed, local elected representatives will have the possibility to recover skills that are not available to all communities in their category or to avoid certain standards.

The rapporteurs, members of the delegation to the communities of the National Assembly, received and analyzed the first 70 proposals for differentiation. Of these, 30 7 relate to the regions.

Harden the RSA

While the vast majority of cases are considered realistic, 8 projects have become complicated. For example, it is the wish of several municipalities to relax accessibility standards for disabled people, which would lead to disparities in treatment between users of public buildings. A department wants to tighten the conditions of access to the RSA locally, excluding owners above a threshold of capital or requiring that the parents of the beneficiary be subject to a maintenance obligation. Another project deemed incompatible, that of a department counting free protections wetlands to facilitate their development.

" Our report undoes a number of fantasies of those who fear that differentiation creates a breach in the indivisibility of the Republic. It will allow some relaxation but limited "Tries to reassure Jean-Rene Cazeneuve.

Regionalization of employment à la carte

Xavier Bertrand's Hauts-de-France is reiterating the demand for a reinforcement of the regional piloting of the employment policy hoped for during the vote of the NOTRe law. Proposal also repeated on Wednesday the president of Normandy, Hervé Morin, on France 2. The region would like to be able to define the priorities of action of corporate advisers Pôle emploi. Feasible legally and politically, according to the report.

There are many insistent requests from local elected officials who have struggled with the territorial reforms of the previous five-year period. Departments in particular confirm that they feel cramped in their social role and demand an extension of their powers.

A municipality would like to regain the right to issue identity documents while a decree of October 2016 has strongly concentrated issuing counters.

The ski resorts claim to be able again to develop tourist offices, these having been transferred to intercommunalities, creating complex situations of mutualisation between competitors of the same ski area.

Several mayors want to retain the skills of water and sanitation, considering insufficient the postponement to 2026 of their mandatory transfer to the intercommunal.

Similarly, departments want to give their communities the opportunity to return flood prevention (Gemapi) to them.

On the other hand, the rapporteurs are more circumspect about the desire of department presidents to reverse their prohibition to intervene in the field of agriculture and fisheries or, more broadly, the economy. They fear a conflict with the region to which the NOTRe law entrusted these competences.

Hollow teeth

Other projects play more institutional innovation. A department proposes a new method of financing private employment of RSA beneficiaries in fixed-term contracts between the company, the department and the family allowance fund (CAF). One region imagines extending the power of the Safer to the land-based activities of shellfish farming and fishing with a stronger right of pre-emption. One department, for example, proposes to become the coordinator of policies and funding for state disability support and other actors. Another suggests creating a departmental agency of solidarities bringing together the CAF, the regional health agency, Pôle emploi, etc.

A coastal region that strongly resembles Brittany would like to partially overcome the coastal and Alur laws to facilitate construction in the "hollow teeth". In the wake of parliamentary attempts for two years that intense mobilization has failed so far. The rapporteurs, however, remain skeptical.

Matthew Quiret

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