The Importance of Sleep for Adolescent Health

In implementing a healthy lifestyle, a balanced nutritious diet and regular physical activity are very important. However, these two things must also be balanced with a good sleep pattern. By adopting a good sleep pattern, one’s body functions will run well, so one can easily avoid some diabetes and heart disease.

In terms of time, adolescents aged 12-18 years need about 8-9 hours of sleep per day. In addition, the quality of sleep must also be considered. There are two basic types of sleep, namely sleeping with slow eye movementsnon-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep and fast eye movement/rapid eye movement (BRAKE). Sleeping with slow eye movements is useful for improving immune system function, while sleeping with fast eye movements can contribute to emotional health. Then, what happens when someone has a bad sleep pattern?

1. Lost concentration

One of the effects of sleep deprivation is difficulty concentrating. Sleep plays an important role in the process of learning and thinking. If you don’t have enough and regular sleep, it can result in your cognitive abilities being disrupted. This will have an impact on the level of alertness, attention, reasoning and problem solving. Decreased concentration can be marked by frequent forgetfulness, loss of focus while driving, and others.

2. Mental health is disturbed

The relationship between sleep deprivation and mental health tends to be complex, because the two are related to one another. The negative effects of sleep deprivation on mental health are a lack of ability to control emotions, depression, hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorder, to bipolar disorder.

3. Decreased physical health

Adequate sleep allows the immune system to function optimally by producing cytokines, which are compounds that help fight bacteria and viruses in the body. These compounds can boost the immune system to fight disease more effectively. Well, the effect of lack of sleep can make the immune system not optimal to fight viruses and bacteria. As a result, you will be more susceptible to disease.

4. Obesity

Not only susceptible to disease, lack of sleep can also cause obesity or overweight. This is related to changes in sleep duration and body metabolism. In adults, sleeping about 4 hours a day can increase hunger and appetite, especially on high-carbohydrate, high-calorie foods. This can also occur in children and adolescents.

5. Looks older

During sleep, cells in the body experience regeneration including skin cells. If SMP friends are kept awake, it will disrupt the regeneration process. The impact of the skin will appear healthy sleep, skin problems arise, even the appearance will look older.

So, Middle School Friends already know able to the importance of sleep for health? From now on less non-urgent activities at night that have the potential to make you stay up late, okay. Get enough sleep so that you are always physically and mentally healthy.

Author: SMP Directorate Web Manager