The Juan XXIII neighborhood, one of the poorest in Spain

Zone 4-A of Alicante, which includes for the most part the Juan XXIII neighborhood, is among the neighborhoods in Spain with the lowest average annual income per inhabitant, since they are below 6,000 euros, according to data from the National Statistics Institute (INE).

According to the INE, the neighborhoods with the highest average annual income per inhabitant, with data from 2016, were El Viso (42,819 euros), Recoletos (40,681 euros) and Castellana (35,816 euros), the three in Madrid, the highest.

The lowest incomes, below 6,000 euros, were located in Seville -zone 5-A (Polígono Sur neighborhood of the Sur district), 4-E (Los Pajaritos and Amate neighborhoods of the Cerro-Amate district) and 9-A (partially occupied by the Colores / Entreparques neighborhood) – as well as in zone 4-A of Alicante, which mostly includes the Juan XXIII neighborhood.

On the other hand, thirteen Spanish municipalities have an unemployment rate of less than 10%, led by Barcelona’s Sant Cugat del Vallés, with 6.2, and Madrid’s Pozuelo de Alarcón, with 6.4%.

In his Indicators of unemployment and activity of the 125 main cities, with data from 2018, he indicates that Las Rozas (Madrid) and San Sebastián have an average unemployment of 7.2% in both cases and 7.3 in Majadahonda, also in Madrid.

In contrast, the municipality of Linares, Jaén (32.8%) and the people of La Linea de la Concepción (29.9%) and Sanlúcar de Barrameda (29%) presented the highest.

Regarding activity rates, the cities with the highest percentage were the Madrid-based cities of Rivas-Vaciamadrid (70.9%), Valdemoro (70.2%) and Parla (68.3%).

Santa Lucía de Tirajana (Gran Canaria) and Palma de Mallorca have 66.8, followed by Fuenlabrada (Madrid), with 66.4, and Arrecife, in Lanzarote, with 66.2.

On the opposite side, the only city with an activity rate of less than 50% was León (49.9%), followed by Gijón (Asturias) (50.8%) and Cádiz and Salamanca (both with 51 , 0%).

For the main European cities, metropolitan areas of influence are built, known as Functional Urban Areas (AUF), recalls the INE.

Each AUF consists of a city and the municipalities that make up its functional environment, specifically of labor influence and 70 functional urban areas are defined for the whole of Spain.

A municipality belongs to the AUF of a city if 15% or more of its employed population moves to that city for work reasons.

In 2018, the AUFs with the largest population were Madrid (with 6.79 million people), Barcelona (with 4.99 million) and Valencia (1.73 million).

The AUF of San Sebastián led the average annual net income per inhabitant in 2016, with 15,401 euros, behind were the AUF of Madrid (13,948 euros) and Pamplona (13,636 euros).

Torrevieja (7,276 euros), Marbella (8,236 euros) and Elche (8,363 euros) presented the lowest incomes.

Regarding life expectancy, the INE states that two Madrid municipalities exceeded 85 years: Pozuelo de Alarcón (85.9 years) and Majadahonda (85.3 years).

Alcorcón, also in Madrid, was in third place, with 84.9.

At the opposite extreme, La Línea de la Concepción (Cádiz) was the only one of the 126 cities studied with a life expectancy at birth of less than 80 years.

The INE also analyzes the average number of children per woman and establishes that, by city, those with the highest average number of children per woman were Melilla (2.34), Ceuta (1.81) and the Murcian municipality of Lorca (1 , 68).

The lowest averages were in San Cristóbal de la Laguna, on the island of Tenerife, (with 0.97 children per woman), Gijón (0.99) and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Torrelavega (Cantabria), both with 1 , 01.

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