People in England need to save alcohol, sugar, salt and fat to increase the nation's life expectancy by five years.
Health Minister Matt Hancock will present his long-term vision for the NHS on Monday – focusing on disease prevention.
It is expected that ten times more money will be spent on the treatment of diseases than on prevention.
The plan also recommends that the bosses should do more to keep the staff healthy.
In his speech, Mr. Hancock is expected to set the goal that by 2035 people will live five more healthy, independent lives. Life expectancy in the UK currently stands at 82.9 for women and 79.2 for men.
To achieve this, Mr. Hancock will encourage people to take more responsibility for their own health.
Mr. Hancock is expected to say, "It's about people choosing to take better care of themselves, stay active, and stop smoking.
"By limiting alcohol, sugar, salt and fat make better decisions."
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Great Britain is one of the worst life expectancy
But he will say that it is not about punishing people.
"It's about helping them make better decisions and giving them the best possible support because we know it's difficult to make difficult decisions," he said at the annual meeting of the International Association of National Public Health Institutes ,
The plan also includes ambitions for:
- Halve childhood obesity by 2030
- reduce loneliness by further disseminating "social prescriptions" – when doctors or nurses dictate community activities
- Diagnosis of 75% of cancers in stages One and Two by 2028
Use technology to predict patients' illnesses and provide advice to the population
Hancock adds, "In the UK, we spend £ 97 billion on public funds for the treatment of diseases and only £ 8 billion in the UK.
"You do not have to be an economist to see that these numbers do not pile up."
The announcement, which is referred to as the government's "vision", will be followed by a Green Paper in 2019 – a first draft of the plans.
It comes after last week's budget, when Chancellor Philip Hammond promised an additional £ 20.5 billion for the NHS over the next five years.
- "NHS faces both cuts and profits"
- Families fight for a healthy diet
Helen Donovan of the Royal College of Nursing welcomed the plans but said they needed serious investment support.
And MEP Jonathan Ashworth said the plans follow "years of cuts and failed privatization."
"If ministers do not undo these cuts and fully fund public health services, these announcements will be dismissed as a small gathering," he said.