“The Patient of Hope,” a woman who was cured of HIV without treatment. Hopes for a vaccine

A 30-year-old woman from Argentina was cured of HIV without any treatment.

This is only the second person in the world whose immune system has completely and unassisted the virus. The patient was diagnosed with HIV in 2013, but at this time she has no trace of the virus in her body.

She did not receive any medication within eight years of diagnosis, except for a six-month period during which the patient was pregnant to ensure that the fetus would be healthy.

Researchers are stunned and say that this discovery brings them closer to treatment for the 38 million HIV patients worldwide.

The discovery was announced in March, but has now been confirmed in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Doctors analyzed 1.5 billion blood and tissue cells and found no trace of the virus, either attenuated or intact. No data has been released on the woman who was cured, writes the Daily Mail, but experts describe her as a “beautiful, athletic” woman who has a boyfriend and a newborn baby, both HIV negative.

It is not the only registered case

Only one other person has had a similar experience. A 67-year-old woman from San Francisco was diagnosed with HIV 30 years ago. Her name is Loreen Willenberg and she recovered in the same way without any treatment.

The two women are examples of a rare group of people who have never taken antiretrovirals, but who have completely eliminated the virus from their bodies.

“These findings, especially with the identification of a second case, show us that it could be a safe way to provide treatment for people who cannot recover on their own. We are now looking at the possibility of inducing such immunity through vaccination, with the goal is to teach the immune system to control the virus without antiretroviral therapy, “said Dr. Yu Xu of Massachusetts General Hospital.

The patient was suggestively called the “patient of hope” because she comes from a town called Esperanza in Argentina.