Additional guarantees for people of pre-retirement age. For denial of employment or dismissal – criminal liability. The State Duma has just adopted in the first reading a presidential bill to legally fix the very measures to protect this category of citizens, which Vladimir Putin referred to in a recent tele-appeal. For – the majority of deputies voted.
On the need for additional guarantees for the labor rights of citizens of pre-retirement age, Vladimir Putin said in his televised address in late August. September 6 amendments to the law came to the State Duma and a week later – the first reading. In the priority order, the most important laws are considered at the Okhotny Ryad.
For an unreasonable refusal to hire future retirees or for their dismissal will be severely punished. Responsibility is criminal.
And along with it a fine of up to 200 thousand rubles or in the amount of a salary for 18 months. Another option – violators of labor rights will have to work on their own, they will face compulsory work up to 360 hours. The presidential initiative protects citizens who have less than five years left before retiring to a well-deserved rest.
"The article will have basically a preventive nature, it is actually such a" stop signal ", a red flag that hangs the society. We translate the age discrimination from misdemeanors, as it has been so far, to the category of crimes. This means that those who commit such actions must understand that society, the state considers them as criminals. This otherwise should form the relationship in general to labor relations with the employee, the employee and the employees of pre-retirement age, "- explained the first deputy head of the faction" United Russia "in the State Duma Andrei Isayev.
The majority of deputies support the presidential initiative – one should not deprive the work of those who have remained several years before the well-deserved rest.
"The Faction" Fair Russia "will support in the first reading this bill proposed by the president; for the second reading in the future we will prepare our proposals and amendments to ensure that this article fulfills its main function – to guarantee the rights of persons of pre-retirement age to work. But at the same time, it would not be an instrument of another administrative pressure against entrepreneurs, "said First Deputy Head of the Just Russia faction in the State Duma Mikhail Yemelyanov.
"We are generally supporters of decriminalization, but at the same time we believe that, of course, it is impossible for our citizens to discriminate in any way on the basis of their age. At the same time, we understand that the employer is interested in having his employee work at any age, if this is an expert ready to work, ready to bear responsibility, to cope fully with his duties, "said Yaroslav Nilov, deputy head of the LDPR faction in the State Duma.
And the Communists opposed the bill.
"Today, out of 36 laws that were introduced, including the first, on the so-called criminal responsibility of employers for dismissing workers of pre-retirement age, our faction will not support this law," said Nikolai Kolomeitsev, first deputy head of the Communist Party faction in the State Duma.
The protection of the labor rights of future pensioners is just one of the initiatives of Vladimir Putin. The President proposed to lower the age of women's retirement from the age of 63 to 60, provided by the bill, and give mothers of many children the right to early retirement.
Also, older people will retain the right to federal and regional benefits. They will be tied not to retirement, but by age – from 55 years for women and from 60 for men, as now. And if you translate these benefits into a cash equivalent, then this will be a significant amount. This will be enshrined in the law as well as an annual increase in pensions. By 2024 the average pension will increase to 20 thousand rubles a month.
These and other initiatives the Duma will discuss later. Amendments to the second reading of the government's law on changing the pension system in the Duma are adopted until September 24. Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin stated that, if necessary, this term could be increased.