The abuse of cocaine can leave gaping holes in the user's mouth, with more and more dentists noticing the horrible side effects.
These horrible photos show the extent of the damage class A can do if it eats away the soft tissue from the inside out.
It's a lesser-known side effect of taking the drug, but it's similar to the "coke's nose," said the famous dentist dr. Richard Marques opposite The Sun Online.
Cocaine use has doubled in the UK over the last five years, and last year around one million Britons admitted taking it.
In particular, more young people are trying Class A – 20 percent of 16-24 year olds have tried for the last 12 months.
Because of this, The Sun has launched the End Of The Line campaign to highlight the devastating effects of the drug.
These photos, which show all the holes in the palate known as palatal perforation and taken from medical case reports, highlight another disturbing reality of regular coke abuse.
Were you or your family affected by cocaine? Tell us your story by sending an e-mail to email@example.com
Coke interrupts the blood supply
Dr. Marques explained that the palate is the roof of the mouth and separate it from the nasal cavity.
Cocaine can disrupt the region's blood supply and ultimately lead to death.
"This process is called vasoconstriction (closure of blood vessels)," said the dentist on Harley Street.
This means that the vessels shrink, so that the oxygen in the blood does not reach the palate as it should.
"With a low oxygen content, the palate begins to die and shrink, leaving a hole in the palate," he explained.
A hole between the mouth and the nasal cavity is a "serious problem", warned Dr. Marques and impaired drinking, eating and even talking
"The most profound and serious consequence is alcohol problems," he explained.
"The hole means that fluid can flow through the palate and escape from the nose.
"It's not life-threatening in general, but it's embarrassing and unnatural."
The defect also means that a person has difficulty tasting – and eating – their food.
The roof of your mouth contains many of your taste buds, and more serious problems occur when a piece of food is in the hole.
"Food can get into the cavity," Dr. Marques. "It can cause nasty infections because it can go unnoticed."
Third, the palate is also crucial in speaking.
Sounds like "s", "t" and "h" are hard to say because they rely on the tongue to come into contact with the palate.
early warning Signs
While the formation of a hole in the palm of your hand is an extreme side effect, the problem, according to Dr. Marques often ignores or even notices that they have one.
"One of the first signs that something is wrong is that liquid is leaking out of your nose while drinking," he said.
"But many people will not be treated early because they may be ashamed.
End of the line
Cocaine use is reaching epidemic levels in the UK, and the UK is referred to as the 'co-capital' of Europe.
Usage has doubled in the past five years, and the numbers are even worse for young people.
One in five 16- to 24-year-olds consumed cocaine last year.
Because of this, The Sun has launched its End Of The Line campaign to increase awareness of the drug.
Cocaine use can lead to psychological problems such as anxiety and paranoia, while doctors have linked the rise of cheaper, potent coke to an increase in suicide rates.
People from all walks of life, from builders and craftspeople to celebrities like Jeremy McConnell, who supports our campaign, are overwhelmed by this temptation.
It is a problem that affects the UK and, unless it is tackled now, means that a mental health crisis is imminent.
"In other cases, it may not even be obvious to the naked eye and can be ignored.
"And, of course, regular drug users may suspect that this is due to the use of illegal drugs, so they do not want to report."
The treatment of these holes is also not easy, a specialist is needed.
"Worrying trend as coke is being normalized"
Dr. Marques said that dentists are at the forefront and often see the earliest signs of this serious condition.
He warned that more and more patients are showing the unpleasant dental side effects of cocaine, as consumption is increasing and society is "normalizing" the drug.
"It's a very worrying trend," he said. "I see more and more patients suffering from the side effects.
"Typically it's the less serious and earlier warning signs.
"In addition to snorting cola, users tend to rub their teeth and gums, which may show some of the earliest signs of abuse.
"(Things like) black spots and eventually it can lead to loose teeth and tooth loss."
Other common signs of coke use neglect to brush regularly and to use dental floss.
"People who drink cocaine weekend after weekend will get up late and forget to brush their teeth," he warned.
"It's unlikely that users will pay attention to their oral health at a comedown."
Where can you get help?
Helpline open 24/7: 0300 123 6600
For help finding a service or instant chat
Help, support and advice for addicts
Change, grow, live
Help for all with drug and alcohol problems
Committed help for people under 25 years.
Mental Health Support Line: 0300 304 7000
Action against addiction
Rehabilitation and community addiction treatment
0300 330 0659
The hotline is open 7 days a week from 9am to 9pm
0300 888 3853
Help for families affected by drugs and alcohol
At the end
"Cola drove me crazy and stole my brother," says Ex-Man-City-Ass
Britain's deadliest drug gangs rape consumers who make debts, exposing covert police
The 10 warning signs of your "social" coke habit are out of control
I am amazed that I am alive after my mother tells me that drugs are sweets and addicted me to 14
GONE TOOE early
Mother of a son who killed herself after taking Cola says it "mutilated" his brain
DRAW THE LINE
The awful rising of the coke nose, where meat clumps fall from the face
ACT IN DEATH
How war-hardened Albanian gangs conquered the British cocaine market
How coke bothers the pubs in the UK and forces the landlord to desperate measures
Cut it out
The chemicals in cola that destroy users' bladders … and increase your cancer risk fourfold
"Agents deal with coke to customers, reality stars interact with each other. It's normal. & # 39;
From a health point of view, it is important to remember that coke sold on the street is usually cut with unidentified powders, from cow dewormers that rot your skin to banned painkillers associated with cancer and local anesthetics Connection stand.
"If you take cocaine, you really do not know what you are inhaling or rubbing into your gums," Dr. Marques.
"The drug is cut with other chemicals, many of which can have negative effects on your oral health.
"It scares me how society seems to normalize cocaine, which is a dangerous drug with serious consequences for your health."
Am I addicted to cocaine? The signs and symptoms of addiction
Cocaine is addictive and what starts off as one-off can quickly become a habit.
Regular use of the drug changes the way the brain releases dopamine – a chemical in the brain that makes you happy.
However, the high is short-lived, so users often need more time to feel the desired effects again.
Over time, the body and brain can get used to cocaine more than it builds up tolerance, which means you have to take more to feel the same.
Recognizing any of the following behaviors on your own may mean that you have developed an addiction to cocaine:
- They take more of the drug to feel the effects
- When you stop or reduce your dose, you feel agitated, restless and depressed
- You struggle to reduce or control your intake, even if you try
- You spend a lot of time thinking about cocaine and trying
- They ignore family, friends and work in favor of taking cocaine
- You know the damage it does you, but you can not stop taking it