MCALLEN, Texas – Domingo Antonio Zeledón traveled for almost three weeks from his home in Nicaragua, leaving his wife and three younger children behind to come to the United States accompanied by their 17-year-old son.
He could not support his family on his income equivalent to $ 5 a day.
Even after crossing the border in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas, and undergoing a diagnostic test for COVID-19 during his detention, he never believed that he would be allowed to stay in the United States to apply for asylum.
Other migrants assured him that he would not stay.
THE GOVERNMENT OF BIDEN AGREED TO ALLOW 250 PEOPLE PER DAY TO APPLY FOR ASYLUM
“I don’t know why they didn’t kick me out,” Zeledón said at a McAllen, Texas, shelter last week as he prepared to leave for Wisconsin, where he would meet a friend for construction work.
“Everyone in Reynosa told me that it was not going to happen for the reason that the minor I brought was older,” he continued. “But I said, I’m going to play it.”
At this time, these restrictions do not apply to air travel.
As migrants face uncertainty about who is allowed to stay and who is not, the administration of President Joe Biden is restructuring the way it uses a pandemic-related measure known as Title 42, in honor of a section of a little-known law. of 1944 that former President Donald Trump invoked to end asylum at a time when health authorities were looking for a way to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) confirmed Tuesday that it would implement measures to further relax restrictions on asylum that for more than a year have seen border authorities expeditiously expel single adults and many migrant families with older children.
Unlike Trump, Biden has allowed unaccompanied minors to remain in the country.
The crisis at the border has been a challenge for the Biden administration, we present you an analysis of how the work has been around asylum seekers under MPP and those who cross without documents.
An attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) said Monday that the changes are the result of negotiations to resolve a lawsuit filed by the agency in federal court in Washington, DC.
The Biden administration agreed to eventually allow about 250 people each day through the border crossings with Mexico to seek refuge in the United States.
DHS noted that it “works to optimize a system to identify and prosecute particularly vulnerable individuals who merit humanitarian exceptions under the Title 42 order.”
The flow of migrants continues in the Rio Grande Valley sector in Texas, not only of asylum seekers, but also of those fleeing the agents after crossing the border. We show you the images.
Those individuals will be allowed to apply for humanitarian protection through a consortium of non-governmental organizations once they are tested for COVID-19.
About 2,000 people have already been exempted from removal and allowed to enter the country to apply for asylum and other forms of protection, said ACLU attorney Lee Gelernt.
“Although these grants are expected to save lives, they are not a substitute for the removal of Title 42 and the full restoration of the asylum process,” he said.
This year the highest number of asylum applications was registered. Many asylum seekers choose to stay in Mexico.
The government also stopped airlifting migrant families from the Rio Grande Valley – the corridor with the most illegal border crossings – to cities like El Paso and San Diego to be expelled from there to Mexico.
The United States can resume flights “if it considers that the circumstances warrant it,” both parties reported.
DHS said in a statement that the flights were initially suspended for “operational needs” and that the negotiations resulted in a “continuing suspension.”
The Department of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) of the United States in El Paso, Texas, has announced that there has been a significant increase in minors attempting to cross narcotics over international bridges. This may be the result of the restrictions implemented at crossings since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Biden has been criticized by progressives for keeping the figure of asylum out of reach for many people and for creating policies that encourage parents to send their children alone across the border.
Critics of security say that exempting children from expulsion led to a record number of crossings on the border between Mexico and the United States, and that relaxing the restrictions will mean an invitation to many more people.
Immigration activists have increased pressure to end evictions entirely, claiming that the practice cannot be defended solely on the grounds of protecting public health.
This unusual practice of releasing families without legal documents began last week.
Migrants are generally expelled into Mexico within the first two hours after being detained by Border Patrol agents.
Government officials have insisted that powers related to the pandemic remain in place for public health reasons, but have not been clear about the “humane” asylum system that Biden promised during his campaign.
Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas told lawmakers last week that the system needs to be improved.
As part of a program that seeks to curb the increase in irregular border crossings.
“It has been a challenge for years that precedes the Trump administration, that precedes the Obama administration, that resolutions to asylum applications take too long,” Mayorkas said. “We need to reduce that, but not at the cost of allowing individuals to develop their legitimate requests by recovering from trauma they may have suffered or suffered.”
Melissa Crow, an attorney for the Southern Poverty Law Center, said that people on unofficial waiting lists to seek asylum at border crossings should be allowed to enter the United States.
The Strauss Center of the University of Texas, Austin campus, issued a report on Tuesday in which it is estimated that this month there are almost 19,000 names on those lists in eight Mexican border towns, an increase of 15% compared to February.
Dr. Dairon Elisondo Rojas arrived in Matamoros in 2019 requesting asylum in the United States and after months of waiting while attending to dozens of people in the migrant camp, he managed to enter the country.
“As asylum seekers, these individuals are vulnerable and should be covered by the consortium process,” said Crow, who represents migrants on waiting lists in a federal lawsuit in San Diego.
“But due to the lack of a concerted outreach to these individuals, either by the government or by the consortium organizations, most of them have no idea that the consortium process exists or that they are eligible for it.” .
The more than 173,000 Border Patrol encounters with migrants at the Mexican border during April represent the highest number since April 2000, although the numbers cannot be directly compared as more than 60% of those detained last month they were expelled.
The US government announced that it has begun to process migrants waiting for their asylum case from the camp in Matamoros.
Expulsion does not carry legal consequences, so many people make multiple attempts to enter the country.
Authorities found 17,171 minors who crossed unaccompanied by an adult in April, the highest number since a record high of 18,960 was imposed the previous month.
In addition, some 50,000 people were found traveling in families in April. One in three families was expelled to Mexico. The rest were allowed to remain in the United States to apply for asylum.