Friday, May 24, 2019
Home Health The WHO reveals the "dangerous" abuse of antibiotics around the world

The WHO reveals the "dangerous" abuse of antibiotics around the world

"Urgent measures" are needed to combat the worldwide abuse of antibiotics, the World Health Organization warned today.

The UN Panel has compared data from 65 countries to identify the nations that most often and least distribute the drugs.

Doctors in Mongolia are guilty of prescribing most antibiotics per person, according to WHO analysis. At the other end of the scale, Burundi had the lowest rate in Africa.

Antibiotics have been unnecessarily released by GPs and hospital staff for decades and once fed harmless bacteria to super-ill people.

And countries that use too many, too few or the wrong types of antibiotics can increase the risk that drugs become less effective against common diseases.

In some countries, too many antibiotics are used, but not enough in others. The World Health Organization has pointed out that urgent action needs to be taken to prevent diseases such as pneumonia from becoming untreatable

In some countries, too many antibiotics are used, but not enough in others. The World Health Organization has pointed out that urgent action needs to be taken to prevent diseases such as pneumonia from becoming untreatable

Some countries use too many antibiotics while others are not using enough, and the World Health Organization has urged "urgently" to prevent diseases such as pneumonia from becoming untreatable

"The huge difference in the use of antibiotics worldwide shows that some countries are likely to overuse antibiotics," warned the World Health Organization.

"While other countries may not have sufficient access to these life-saving medicines."

Urgent measures, such as the enforcement of over-the-counter prescriptions to reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics, are urgently needed, "said Suzanne Hill, director of the WHO's key medicines division.

The WHO, who wrote the report, warned that both too many and too few antibiotics can contribute to antibiotic resistance.

Europe has an average of 18 defined daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants – while Mongolia has over 64.

This indicates a too high number. Excessive use of medicines allows bacteria and viruses to get used to the drugs they use.

In Burundi, near the Democratic Republic of the Congo, however, the rate is only 4.4 daily doses – suggesting that people do not have adequate access to medicines.

Not having enough can be just as harmful as people can only take half a course, meaning that the survivors will learn the infection.

COUNTRIES USING THE MOST ANTIBIOTICS (daily cans per 1,000 people)

  1. Mongolia (64.4)
  2. Iran (38.78)
  3. Turkey (38.18)
  4. Sudan (35,29)
  5. Greece (33,85)
  6. Serbia (31.57)
  7. Montenegro (29.33)
  8. Romania (28.5)
  9. South Korea (27.68)
  10. Tanzania (27.29)

COUNTRIES USING THE LITTLE ANTIBIOTICS (Daily cans per 1,000 people)

  1. Burundi (4.44)
  2. Brunei (5.92)
  3. Azerbaijan (7.66)
  4. Philippines (8.21)
  5. Uzbekistan (8.56)
  6. Jordan (8.92)
  7. Netherlands (9,78)
  8. Peru (10.26)
  9. Armenia (10:31)
  10. Ivory Coast (10.68)

Ms. Hill added, "Excessive use and abuse of antibiotics are the main causes of antibiotic resistance.

"Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we will lose our ability to treat common infections like pneumonia."

Other countries with a particularly high use of antibiotics are Iran with 39 daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants, Turkey with 38, Sudan with 35 and Greece with 33.

The data is incomplete and covers only 65 countries, with the US, Australia, China and India omitted.

The most widely used drug in the world is amoxicillin – a member of the penicillin family that is the first line of defense, but can already be controlled by bacterial infections such as MRSA.

And some countries are more guilty than others, willing to use emergency drugs. These are stronger versions that should be saved for the failure of frontline medications.

Italy, Spain and Japan are strong users of these drugs, which the WHO believes must be kept for future use.

In Italy, two percent of all antibiotics are taken from the "reserve" category, more than six times as many as in the UK, where there are only 0.3 percent.

HOW ANTIBIOTIC USE IS VERSATILE IN THE WORLD – COUNTRIES AFTER HIGHEST NUMBER OF DAILY DOSES PER 1,000 PEOPLE
country Dosages per 1,000 people per day country Dosages per 1,000 people per day
Mongolia 64.41 Iceland 17.87
I ran 38.78 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.85
Turkey 38.18 Denmark 17.84
sudan 35.29 Portugal 17.72
Greece 33.85 Belarus 17.48
Serbia 31.57 Czech Republic 17:18
Montenegro 29.33 Canada 5.17
Romania 28.5 Norway 16.97
South Korea 27.68 Albania 16:41
Tanzania 27.29 Hungary 16:31
Cyprus 27.14 Lithuania 15.83
Italy 26.62 Russia 14.82
France 25.92 Japan 14:19
Belgium 25.57 Costa Rica 14.18
Georgia 24.44 Burkina Faso 13.78
Slovakia 24.34 Sweden 13.73
Poland 24.3 Slovenia 13:48
Ireland 23:27 Moldova 13:42
Brazil 22,75 Latvia 13.3
New Zealand 22.68 Austria 12.17
Luxembourg 22:31 Estonia 12:13
Tajikistan 21.95 Germany 11:49
Malta 21.88 Ivory Coast 10.68
United Kingdom 20:47 Armenia 10:31
Croatia 20.28 Peru 10:26
Bulgaria 20.25 Netherlands 9.78
Kosovo 20.18 Jordan 8.92
Bolivia 19:57 Uzbekistan 8.56
Paraguay 19:38 Philippines 8.21
Finland 18.52 Azerbaijan 7.66
Spain 17.96 Brunei 5.92
Krygyzstan 17.94 burundi 4.44
Kazakhstan 17,89 Source: WHO

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