Identified for the first time a decade ago, the Candida auris spreads easily, especially to people whose immune systems are weakened. As the number of cases increases, the issue of drug resistance arises.
A killer mushroom
The Candida auris is a fungi mushroom that is growing in the form of yeast. It was isolated for the first time in 2009 in a Japanese hospital, present in the outer ear of a patient. The fact is that since then, the cases of "candidiasis" (infection with this yeast) have been increasing, most of the time in the hospital and reaching patients with already weakened immune systems.
A few days ago, the New York Times recounted the story of a patient's death at the end of 2018 at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York. The man had been admitted for a simple abdominal surgery and yet the doctors then detected the presence of the Candida auris in his body. After three months of quarantine, the patient died and multiple traces of the fungus were found in his room.
A mushroom resistant
Published in October 2018 in the review Emerging Infectious Diseases, an American study was also interested in Candida auris. This survey compiled information regarding a fifty or so cases of infectionPatients contracted by patients in health facilities in New York between 2013 and 2017. Nearly half of these patients – who had previously had health problems – are died within 90 days following the infection! Especially, it turned out that 98% of the samples of Candida auris collected were resistant to fluconazole, a widely used antifungal In addition, out of the twenty or so health establishments in which the survey was conducted, yeasts were found in three quarters!
Antibiotic resistance has been a real public health problem. However, overconsumption of these drugs would reduce their effects in the face of increasingly resistant germs. Indeed, fungi – just like bacteria – are able to develop means of defense against antifungal treatments given to patients.
Thus, these resistant germs can be fatal for patients with weak immune systems. This concerns infants, the elderly, people with autoimmune disease, and potentially diabetics and other smokers. Finally, it is not excluded that one day, these infections can also concern people in good health, to the extent that 10 million people could die by 2050.
Sources: The Straits Times – Medisite
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