TSMC, the largest semiconductor manufacturer, has announced the start of a process to shift some of its production capacity to cutting-edge chips. Representatives of TSMC have announced the launch of a series of 2 nm chips based on “nanoparticle transistors” in the next three years, a new architecture not previously used in the industry.
The first customers, including Apple, Qualcomm and many others, to produce TSMC 2 nm processors in 2025, Asia Nikkei reports.
The company shared its plans at a technology symposium, the first of its own in two years. TSMC executives reassured gathered investors and journalists that the manufacturer was adhering to a plan for the power and energy efficiency of its products. Specifically, over the next two years, the company will abandon the Finfet architecture used in the current 5 nm chips and move to “nanoparticle transistors.”
The company explained that the more transistors that fit on the chip, the greater the capabilities of the manufactured processor. According to TSMC, the use of nanoparticles will significantly speed up data processing and reduce energy consumption, as well as simplify the mass production of such chips. Using this solution, the company will implement it in practically all types of electronics – from computers and mobile devices to household appliances and cars.
TSMC also announced that in 2024 it will receive an improved chip production machine from the Dutch company ASML.
“TSMC will receive high-digital aperture EUV scanners in 2024 to develop the necessary infrastructure and create the necessary innovation-stimulating templates for customers,” said TSMC’s chief research and development officer. Vice President Dr. YJ Mii.
TSMC’s announcement came a few months later when similar rivals Intel and Samsung announced similar plans. Intel plans to bring production of 2nm chips closer to the end of 2024, and Samsung in 2025. In addition, Japan has recently entered the race for technological progress, with the government initiating a program to begin production of its own 2nm processors with the help of the United States by the middle of this decade.