A British mountaineer and another Irishman have died in the last hours in the Everest, which elevates ten fatalities this season of great traffic jam in the so-called roof of the world, where the great flow of mountaineers creates dangerous traffic jams in the so-called 'death zone'. "A British mountaineer reached the top this morning but fainted and died only 150 meters below," said Murari Sharma of the Everest Parivar Expedition. Another climbing organizer has confirmed the death of an Irishman on Friday on the Tibetan flank of the mountain, less frequented than Nepalese.
This year, impressive traffic jams have also formed on this 8,848-meter mountain. It is due to meteorological conditions, because between the end of April and the end of May these conditions are less extreme at the top of the world, and therefore more advantageous for promotion.
Until Thursday, some 550 climbers had crowned Everest this year, according to data from Nepalese authorities. Yesterday it was learned that two Indians, an Austrian and a Nepali died on the mountain. Indian Kalpana Das, 52, reached the top but died on Thursday afternoon when she came down. Another Indian mountaineer, Nihal Bagwan, 27, also died on the descent. "He was blocked in the traffic jam for more than 12 hours and was exhausted. Sherpa guides brought him to camp 4 and he died there, "said Keshav Paudel, from the Peak Promotion agency. On the Tibetan side of the mountain, a 65-year-old Austrian mountaineer was killed, an expedition organizer announced. A 33-year-old Nepalese guide died in a base camp after having fallen ill in camp 3 at 7,158 meters.
Impressive photos have shown in recent days a long line of sheltered climbers, very close to each other, dragging their climbing boots on the crest between the summit and the southern gorge, where the last camp on the slope of Nepal is located. According to experts, this traffic jam is also due to the proliferation of climbing permits, as well as the small number of suitable weather windows to reach the top. Therefore, all expeditions launch the final assault on Everest during the same days.
At this extreme height, the oxygen is more scarce in the atmosphere and climbers must resort to oxygen bottles to reach the top. A height above 8,000 meters above sea level is considered the 'death zone'.
"Staying for a long time in the area of death increases the risks of freezing, suffering from altitude sickness or even death," Ang Tsering Sherpa, former president of the Nepal Alpinist Association, told AFP. In the previous days two other Indian mountaineers and an American have already perished on Everest. Another Irish mountaineer allegedly died, having slipped and fell in an area located at 8,300 meters, although his body has not been found. Last year five people died on Everest.
Since the Nepalese authorities liberalized the ascent to this mountain in the 90s, the commercial expeditions increased, and therefore, also the number of climbers.
This year Nepal granted for the spring season a record of 381 permits, at the price of $ 11,000 per person, according to the latest available data. Each holder of a permit is accompanied by a guide. This means that about 750 people agree on the route. At least 140 others received permits to climb Everest from the northern flank in Tibet. The peak of Everest was first reached in 1953 by the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and the Nepalese Tenzing Norgay.