Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease in which the blood sugar level is too high.

The condition must be kept under control, or it can lead to health problems with the heart, eyes, nerves and kidneys.

Medications can help control type 2 diabetes, but a healthy diet can also help to keep the symptoms at bay.

Diabetes UK recommends the following four tips for healthy eating for people with diabetes.

Choose healthier carbohydrates

All carbohydrates affect blood sugar levels, but some are healthier than others, so stick to the healthier options and pay attention to serving sizes.

Healthier sources include whole grains such as brown rice, buckwheat and oatmeal, fruits, vegetables and legumes such as chickpeas, beans and lentils.

Eat less salt

Eating a lot of salt raises blood pressure, which increases the risk of heart disease and strokes.

People with diabetes already have an increased risk of these diseases. Therefore, it is important to keep blood pressure at a healthy level.

British guidelines recommend that you consume no more than 6 g of salt per day.

Check the food labels for salt content, make sure that low-salt products are selected, and replace the salt when cooking with other herbs and spices.

Eat more fruits and vegetables

Try to eat more vegetables at mealtimes, and eat fruits and vegetables as a snack between poking something in between.

"This can help you get the vitamins, minerals, and fiber that your body needs daily to keep you healthy," said the diabetes expert.

Do not worry about the natural sugars in fruits, as these are not unhealthy like the added sugar in chocolate and cake.

Reduce the added sugar

Reducing sugar can be hard, so you should trade sugary drinks with water, whole milk, or sugar-free tea.

Once you get used to smaller swaps, you can also reduce other sweets.

"Turning off these extra sugars can help you control your blood sugar levels and keep your weight down," said the diabetes organization.


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