Typhoon Mangkhut is currently storming the Pacific Ocean and steaming towards the Philippines and Hong Kong in a potentially destructive way.

The Filipino authorities were busy preparing for the worst, as both the police and the military are excluded from their leave to help with emergencies.

The country has also released bulldozers prior to arrival due to possible landslides, as strong winds and rain weaken the landscape.

The residents were warned to evacuate and climb their homes when the storm nears, and toppled to make a full landing by Friday this week.

Why does Mangkhut call Ompong in the Philippines?

The naming of typhoons and hurricanes is a long-standing tradition worldwide, as different meteorological organizations choose different naming traditions.

Originally, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii in 1945 was the first to use English names in alphabetical order.

This tradition was later updated to include male names explaining why there was a hurricane Chris on Bermuda in July, but the last major system in the US is called Florence.

Philippine typhoons have different names because another agency calls them.

There are few Philippine agencies, and the original meteorological agency was the Philippine Weather Bureau, responsible for monitoring weather systems from 1963.

Instead of using western names like their Honolulu-based counterpart, the organization chose Filipino names, which are traditionally ending in alphabetical order.

Now the Philippine Weather Bureau is out of order and the responsibility has been taken over by the Philippine Agency for Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services (PAGASA).

The newest agency took over the naming of typhoons in 1972 and has continued the long-standing tradition of seeing an international name and a local female name ending in ng.

What is the difference between typhoons and hurricanes?

Currently, the Atlantic and the Pacific are in the midst of two major storm systems.

In the US, Hurricane Florence invades heavy rainfall in North Carolina and is projected to 40 inches (3 feet) in some places.

Strong wind is now preparing for the Philippines, but as a typhoon.

There is no difference between a typhoon and a hurricane, as both are essentially the same phenomenon known as the tropical cyclone.

Tropical cyclones form when the perfect conditions arise in the tropical climate.

Warm seas and a disturbed atmosphere, coupled with high humidity, are essential to ensure that a "tropical wave" can develop into a fully-fledged system.

Once the storm has managed to self-organize and become a whirling turbine, it can be recognized as a typhoon or hurricane.

The naming depends on where it forms, because in the Pacific regions of Japan and the Philippines, it would be a typhoon, while in the Atlantic or Pacific US, the storm would become a hurricane.


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