UN pact for migration: who decides who comes to us?
The United Nations wants to conclude a pact for dealing with migrants. Some states fear more poverty migration.
worldwide migration and flight movements are a mega topic that will shape our future. The United Nations (UN) have worked out rules to better protect migrants and not overstretch states. But there is a strong protest against the planned pact.
Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz
warns about an unlimited poverty hike, The AFD Bundestag faction leader Alice Weidel even asserted: "This is where immigrants from all over the world the key in our social system in the hand laid." Are the allegations to? What significance does the controversial UN paper have?
What is behind the "Global Pact for Migration"?
In the "Global Pact for Migration", the UN first laid down principles for dealing with migrants. The central goal is the living conditions to improve the world so that people can stay in their homeland.
The UN calls for the full integration of migrants into society. Workers should be better protected against exploitation, abuse and violation of human and labor rights. When receiving social benefits, migrants should not be disadvantaged. According to calculations by the UN, around 190 million people worldwide are considered migrants.
The text was negotiated in July. Diplomats from the United Nations Department of Foreign Affairs participated in Germany. The agreement is expected to be adopted at the Marrakech Summit on 10 and 11 December.
Is the agreement also about refugees?
From war refugees or asylum seekers is not mentioned in the "Global Pact for Migration". It is primarily intended for people who want to improve their life situation – for example, because they hope for better economic, professional or security perspectives. On the subject of war refugees there should be an extra agreement of the UN.
The already negotiated paper is currently being processed by the competent committees of the UN. It should be accepted by the UN General Assembly at the end.
Is the migration agreement legally binding?
The "Global Pact for Migration" are recommendations. "The pact is not legally binding. And he leaves it up to the states to decide on the type and extent of migration that they want to allow, "said Foreign Minister of State Michael Roth, our editor.
A ministry spokesman added: "The pact formulates goals. How these goals are implemented, especially when it comes to creating opportunities for legal migration to combat illegal migration, remains open to the member states. So the criteria and the amount of immigration remain sovereign decisions of the states. "
Who agreed to the "Global Pact for Migration"?
The negotiated text was agreed in July by all 193 UN member states except the USA. As early as December, US Ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, stressed:
"Our decisions about immigration policy must always be hit by Americans – and only by Americans. "
After the USA, Australia, Hungary, Austria and finally the Czech Republic retreated. Denmark expressed reservations. Poland has registered criticism. The most popular party in Switzerland, the populist SVP, also faces the UN pact.
Why does the topic play such an important role in the domestic debate in Europe?
The trigger was the withdrawal of Austria on Wednesday. This was particularly noted because the Alpine republic is currently chairing the Council of the EU. The pact threatened a "mingling of the search for protection with labor migration," criticized Austria's Federal Chancellor Sebastian Kurz of the conservative ÖVP. Vice-Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache of the right-wing populist FPÖ said the agreement was not binding, but his government feared that it could lead to "customary international law." Interior Minister Herbert Kickl (FPÖ) complained that the UN paper had a "naive pro-migration tonality".
Similar to the Austrian government, the Eastern European EU countries have positioned themselves. Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini also argues objectively. There is a symbolic discussion on refugee policy in Europe along the reaction to the UN Pact, despite the fact that the Migration Pact per se has nothing to do with refugees. The countries that focus on effective border control reject the agreement.
What attitude does the Federal Government take?
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) considers the UN Migration Pact to be a suitable instrument forillegal migration to reduce and order, legal migration to accomplish".
The Foreign Ministry also rejected criticism of the paper. Minister of State Roth told our editors: "With the 'Global Pact for Secure, Orderly and Regular Migration', almost the entire world community for the first time acknowledges that migration requires teamwork."
Precisely to combat the causes of irregular migration and protect the rights of migrants, more cooperation, not less necessary, demanded Roth. And with regard to the skeptics in Austria and other countries: "The fears that are now consciously fueled against the 'Global Pact for Orderly Migration' are completely unfounded."
How does German domestic policy react?
Above all the AfD welcomed the No from Vienna to the migration pact. "While the German government prefers to deal with itself and its own inability at a crucial time, Austria is creating facts for the benefit of the people," said AfD party leader Jörg Meuthen. The AFD parliamentary group leader Alice Weidel underlined: "Here, in fact, the illegal migration is legalized and immigration willing from all over the world the key in our social system in the hand."
The values Union, a conservative platform in the CDU and CSU, was in favor of not signing the pact without consultation and decision-making in the Union faction and in the Bundestag. In contrast, the Interior Committee Chairwoman in the Bundestag, Andrea Lindholz (CSU) complained of the attitude of Austria. "Either Vienna has no confidence in its own experts. Or you can be driven by moods, "she said. The Green politician Filiz Polat accused AfD and FPÖ, they spread conspiracy theories about a supposed population exchange in Europe.
What does Brussels say about this?
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker expressed his anger over the Austrian backslider. "It is unfortunate that the European Union can not speak a single language in this matter of substance to the future," said Juncker. "We will talk to our Austrian friends in the coming weeks." At the beginning of his own presidency, Chancellor Kurz had repeatedly emphasized that his country wanted to be a bridge builder in Europe.