The president has created trouble in negotiating the future of unemployment insurance by resuming his proposal to stem the explosion of short contracts that are expensive for Unédic.
The social partners each reaffirmed their red lines on Friday at the start of a difficult negotiation on unemployment insurance a little disturbed by statements by Emmanuel Macron on the bonus-malus that irritated the employers.
In late September, the executive had announced the color to the social partners: it will make between 3 and 3.9 billion euros in savings over three years. Objectives: to accelerate the return to employment, to reduce precariousness and to reduce the debt of unédic.
One of the nodes of the negotiation is how to stop the explosion of short contracts which are expensive for Unédic. The candidate Macron had promised to impose a " bonus Malus " to penalize the companies that abuse it, a promise on which the government has only blown hot and cold.
The issue was to be discussed in the last few rounds of the negotiations, which is due to end in mid-January. But she was invited a little early at the table on Friday. Since Lens (Pas-de-Calais), Emmanuel Macron has reaffirmed his promise in an ambivalent statement, evoking the bonus-malus, but also discussions within the branches, a solution that has the preference of employers.
"We put it in place early next year, but we start this discussion professional branch by professional branch, and thus business by company, to encourage them to change the habits in which they had sometimes been a little", he said, in response to a question at a round table.
The clumsy business side
The employers immediately reacted. "The bonus-malus imagined by the government will destroy temporary contracts and temporary jobs without creating permanent contracts! ", tweeted the president of Medef, Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux. "As a result of the declaration of the President of the Republic. Bonus-malus: Stop or Encore? So, negotiation # Insurance unemployment: Stop or Encore? ", tweeted meanwhile the president of CPME, François Asselin, while the negotiators were still locked in their room.
"It created a bit of excitement and tense the business side", commented the CFDT. Emmanuel Macron does not "Can not be and in and out. Either he leaves a time to negotiate, or nocreaked Jean-François Foucard (CFE-CGC).
Two-level unemployment insurance
The session was devoted to " philosophy " and "The architecture of the regime" the financing of which is now provided partly through the tax (CSG) instead of social security contributions.
The discussion revolved around a proposal by the two-tiered unemployment insurance Medef, with a solidarity portion managed by the State and an insurance part managed by the social partners.
Marylise Léon (CFDT) indicated that she had no "No refusal in principle of a two-tier system but many questions", as well as the CFE-CGC. Michel Beaugas (FO) is not so favorable, seeing a "Decline of rights".
"Not yet in the hard"
"We are not yet in the hard" Negotiations, said Denis Gravouil (CGT), who slammed the savings. As soon as he arrived at the headquarters of Unédic, he tore up the government's letter of framing.
All reaffirmed their red lines. The first "Is degression" allowances, reminded the CDFT which, like all the other unions, does not want a reduction of rights.
The eight unions and employers will also have to look into the "Permittence"alternation between employment and unemployment which includes several schemes, such as the possibility of accumulating a portion of allowance and salary. The revision of the intermittent regime is also at stake.
If he is not satisfied, the state will take back the feather
In the end, if he is not satisfied, the State will take the pen. "We are here to limit the breakage more than anything else", conceded Eric Courpotin (CFTC), describing "A slightly tense atmosphere".
Employer side, the Medef, which is said "Attached to an insurance and contributory system managed in a joint manner", worries about this "Hybrid system".
Trade unions and employers have already worked this year on a reform that has widened the compensation to more resigning and some independent, campaign promise Emmanuel Macron. The ink of this reform was barely dry, this summer, that the president of the Republic asked them to reopen the site and to revise all the rules of compensation while the last convention came into force there is just a year.
The Cross (with AFP)