Venezuela's Maduro orders militia expansion as Guaido tours blackout-ravaged state

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CARACAS / MARACAIBO (Reuters) – Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro on Saturday ordered to join the expansion of civilian militia by nearly one million members as opposition leader Juan Guaido toured western Zulia state, which has been hit hard by electricity blackouts.

Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro speaks during a ceremony to mark the 17th anniversary of the return to power of Venezuela's late President Hugo Chavez after a coup attempt and the National Militia Day at Caracas, Venezuela April 13, 2019. REUTERS / Carlos Garcia Rawlins

Guaido, the leader of the opposition-controlled National Assembly who in January invokes Venezuela's constitution to assume an interim presidency, has called on the military to abandon Maduro amid a hyperinflationary economic collapse made worse by several nationwide blackouts in the past month.

Guido has been recognized as Venezuela's rightful leader by the United States and most Western countries, who agree with his argument that Maduro's 2018 re-election what illegitimate.

The civilian militia, created in 2008 by the late former president and Maduro mentor Hugo Chavez, reports directly to the presidency and is intended to complement the armed forces.

Maduro, who calls Guaido a U.S. puppet, said he was aiming to raise the number of militia members to three million by year-end from what he said more than 2 million currently. Maduro has become involved in agricultural production.

Shortages of food and medicine have prompted more than three million Venezuelans to emigrate in recent years.

Maduro, a socialist, said thousands of militia members gathered in the capital Caracas, "With your rifles on your shoulders, ready to defend the fatherland and dig the furrow to the seeds." wearing khaki camouflaged uniforms.

Guido's offer of amnesty to military members who switch sides. Hundreds of soldiers have sought asylum in neighboring Colombia.

While electricity has been largely restored in Caracas, Maduro's administration is rationing power to the rest of Venezuela.

Guaido is traveling in the interior to drum up support. In Zulia state, the site of the OPEC member's first oil well and home to Venezuela's second-largest city, Maracaibo, he said: "We are here to check the situation, your suffering. But Zulia wants rise up. "

Separately on Saturday, two employees of Venezuela's central bank who were arrested after meeting with Guaido earlier this week were freed, said Penal Forum said.

Rights groups say Venezuelan authorities have arrested over 1,000 people after anti-government demonstrations this year. Guaido's chief of staff was arrested last month.

Reporting by Deisy Buitrago in Caracas and Mariela Nava in Maracaibo; additional reporting by Vivian Sequera in Caracas; Writing by Luc Cohen; Editing by Grant McCool

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