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What is a molar pregnancy?

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What is a molar pregnancy? – Apoteka

And molar pregnancy It has nothing to do with teeth or molars, although its name may create confusion. This is a rare circumstance that happens to some women during fertilization. Next, the experts tell us what it is.

“A molar pregnancy is a placental abnormality, caused by a problem when the egg and sperm come together at fertilization. Molar pregnancies are rare, occurring in 1 in 1,000 pregnancies,” they explain from the American Pregnancy Association. “Molar pregnancies are also called gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), hydatidiform mole, or simply referred to as ‘mole,'” they add.

Specialists indicate that this “genetic error” and that it occurs in the fertilization process that leads to abnormal tissue growth inside the womb. In this sense, they point out that this type of pregnancy does not usually involve a developing embryo and the growth of this material is “rapid compared to the normal growth of a fetus”.

Types of molar pregnancy

There are two types of molar pregnancy, partial and complete:

  • Complete molar pregnancy: is characterized by not having a baby and only has parts of placenta. As professionals point out, it is formed when the sperm fertilizes an empty egg. “The placenta grows and produces the pregnancy hormone. Unfortunately, an ultrasound will show that there is no fetus, only the placenta.”
  • Partial molar pregnancy: in this case, the mass has abnormal cells and a severely defective embryo of birth In fact, the fetus will be overwhelmed by the growing abnormal mass quite quickly.
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“An extremely rare version of a partial molar is when are twins conceived but one embryo begins to develop normally, while the other is a molar. In these cases, the healthy embryo will be quickly consumed by the abnormal growth,” they specify from the American Pregnancy Association.

Symptoms of a molar pregnancy

Women with a molar pregnancy often report the following symptoms:

  • nausea and vomiting
  • No fetal movement or heartbeat detected
  • early preeclampia
  • Development of rare complications such as thyroid disease
  • Vaginal spotting or bleeding

Factors Influencing Molar Pregnancy

Some women have more risk factors for this type of anomaly in pregnancy. Experts mention the following characteristics:

  • Las White women are more likely to have molar pregnancies.
  • More cases are recorded in Southeast Asia.
  • Age also influences and more molar pregnancies are reported in women older than 40 years.
  • Those who have had a miscarriage may experience such a pregnancy.
  • Lastly, women who had a molar pregnancy before they are more likely to repeat it.

Treatment of molar pregnancy

What is your treatment? Professionals expose the following keys about it:

  • They usually finish spontaneouslyexpelling the grape-shaped tissue.
  • If other treatment is needed, aspiration with curettage, dilation and evacuation, or medication may be used.
  • After this process, a follow-up must be done to ensure that the molar has been completely removed.
  • In addition, pregnancy should be avoided for a year after this anomaly.
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Although it may contain statements, data or notes from health institutions or professionals, the information contained in Apoteka is edited and prepared by journalists. We recommend the reader that any questions related to health be consulted with a health professional.


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