What is blood cancer and what types are there?

  • Blood cancers affect blood cells, bone marrow, and lymph nodes

  • Leukemia, lymphoma or myeloma are types of blood cancer

  • Blood cancers prevent the blood from carrying out its normal functions in the body.

Sam Neill, The legendary actor from Steven Spielberg’s ‘Jurassic Park’ saga has revealed that he has blood cancer, although he is in a remission phase. In March, his nodes swelled and he was diagnosed with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, a type of lymphoma characterized by partial or diffuse effacement of lymph node architecture. But, What is blood type and what types are there?

Blood cancers are those that “they affect blood cells, bone marrow and lymph nodes”. These “prevent the blood from carrying out its normal functions, including fighting infections or preventing serious bleeding,” reports

What types of blood cancer exist

According to this websitethe types of blood cancer are: leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Below is a brief explanation of what each one consists of and how they differ.

The leukemia, they note, “affects the white blood cells that are produced in the bone marrow.” Treatments are different depending on the type of leukemia.

This cancer affects the immune system and can increase the size of the lymph nodes in any area where they are (neck, armpits, groin, internal areas…). In addition, they add, it can occasionally affect organs such as the skin or the brain.

He myelomathey explain, “is a cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow”, which “is also known as multiple myeloma”.

“Myeloma cells prevent normal antibody production and weaken the body’s immune system,” they point out.

Thus, they emphasize, “one of the most characteristic symptoms of this type of tumor is bone pain, precisely in the bone that it affects.”

A special case is that of solitary bone plasmacytoma that affects a single bone instead of several.