The blood glucose levels too high can be highly harmful to people’s health. However, people with diabetes should control the values of blood glucose even more if possible to avoid serious problems. It is an essential aspect for people who live with this disease.
In this sense, there are different factors that intervene in blood levels and cause an increase, such as not determining blood glucose values correctly and frequently; eating more than normal, eating foods high in sugar, leading a sedentary life, doing little physical exercise, taking certain medications or some diseases.
In the same way, we also find factors that cause blood glucose levels to be too low. These include high intensity physical exercise, eating less than normal, eating disorderly or administering more insulin than necessary to the body.
Checking blood glucose before eating
To properly control blood glucose levels, people with diabetes must measure their blood glucose once or several times a day. In this sense, the measurement must be carried out at key moments, such as before meals, after meals or before sleeping.
Likewise, people accustomed to doing physical exercise regularly should control glucose levels with a measurement before, during and after the activity. It is a way to avoid any possible inconvenience that may arise.
In this sense, the ‘Sanitas’ clinic establishes the blood glucose values that a person must present as a general rule:
- Before eating and when waking up | Between 80 and 120 mg / dl
- Two hours after eating | 180 mg / dl
- Before sleeping | Between 100 and 140 mg / dl
In addition, from the National Library of Medicine of the United States they expose the healthy levels that a person should show of blood glucose according to factors such as age before each meal:
- 90 to 130 mg / dL (5 to 7.2 mmol / L) for adults
- 90 to 130 mg / dL (5 to 7.2 mmol / L) for children 13 to 19 years of age
- 90 to 180 mg / dL (5 to 10 mmol / L) for children 6 to 12 years of age
- 100 to 180 mg / dL (5.5 to 10 mmol / L) for children under 6 years of age
How to measure glucose levels?
People with diabetes need to measure their glucose levels daily and sometimes several times a day. Thus, there is a method to control glucose levels without the need to go to a medical consultation.
This traditional method consists of making a small prick with a device to obtain a blood sample, which will later offer us a real estimate of the blood glucose values.
To be able to measure blood sugar levels and obtain a reliable result, it is advisable to wash your hands well with soap and warm water. It is also advisable to massage the area of the finger to be pricked down to increase the vascularity of the area.
The process is simple, since it will only be necessary to make a small prick and obtain a drop of blood. Then place the drop of blood on a test strip and put it on the glucometer. Finally, the meter will determine the blood sugar level in a few seconds.