Who is Jair Bolsonaro?

Who is Jair Bolsonaro?

"Let's shoot all Labor Party members here in Acre (a Brazilian state)," said Jair Bolsonaro, presidential candidate of the Social Liberal Party, at a September 1 election campaign. In a modern democracy, a leading election candidate calls for shooting on His political opponents to create a political storm. In Brazil, Bolsonaro, the 63-year-old far-right leader, is known for controversial statements against his opponents, women, blacks and LGBTQ communities.

What is his policy?

Mr. Bolsonaro built his campaign on such a controversial, fiery rhetoric and often attacked the establishment. In the presidential election on 7 October he was with 46% of the vote the most popular candidate. In the runoff election on October 28, he defeated the Fernando Haddad of the Workers Party with 55% of the vote. He broke the Brazilian tradition of choosing left as president for 15 years.

The army's former paratrooper began his political career in 1988 when he ran for the City Council of Rio de Janeiro on the ticket of the Christian Democratic Party. In 1990 he was elected as a candidate of the same party in the Federal Congress. Since then he was a member of the National Congress until his election as President, but changed hands several times. Throughout his tenure as a Congressman, Mr. Bolsonaro remained an outspoken defender of ultra-conservatism. He opposed abortion, homosexuality and affirmative actions. He had also spoken out for the brutal military dictatorship of the Brazilian past. "The situation of the country would have been better today if the dictatorship had killed more people," he said in 1992. In 1998 he wrote in Veja The magazine, Augusto Pinochet, the former military dictator of Chile, "should have killed more people." During the campaign, he consistently attacked the secularism and non-Christian minorities of the country. "God over everything. There is no secular state. The state is Christian and the minority needs to change if they can, "he said last year.

Did the Outsider Day help?

The rise of Mr Bolsonaro coincided with Brazil's economic and political crises, which led to the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff in 2016. The economy fell into recession in 2014 and continued to shrink in 2015 and 2016. If unemployment before the recession was 6.8%, it was almost doubled in two years. During this period, there were also outbreaks of corruption scandals involving several politicians, including workers' party leaders. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, the former president and arguably the most popular left-wing leader, is imprisoned for 12 years following a conviction in a corruption case. After the economic and political crises and the scandals, there were public resentments about the political establishment. It is these resentments that Mr Bolsonaro has expressed in his favor. He declared his candidacy in 2016 from the Social Christian Party, but in two years he joined the Social Liberal Party (SPL), which turned his vehicle into a presidential palace. During the campaign, he attacked the country's political elites and introduced himself as an outsider, a tactic similar to the campaigning style of Donald Trump, who nicknamed him "Trump of the Tropics." When Mr. Lula retired after the race He was convinced that the way was clear for Mr. Bolsonaro. Mr. Haddad never presented him with a serious challenge.

What does that mean for Brazil?

After the victory, Mr Bolsonaro denied the allegations that he was a "fascist" and painted himself as a "Churchillian Patriot" who could save the country from political and economic impasse. But it can not be easy. His biggest challenge would be to stabilize the economy, which will only have to recover after the worst recession in the country. Unemployment remains high at 12%. That's the crime rate. Mr Bolsonaro will also encounter strong opposition from the left, which remains a strong force. He succeeded in dissatisfaction of the population with the government. But now he is the government.

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