The Urban Indicators of the National Statistics Institute (INE) collect information on living conditions in the main cities of Spain. Which have a higher income per inhabitant? Which neighborhoods are the richest and which are the poorest in our country? Where is there the highest unemployment rate? Where are more children born and where is the life expectancy higher? Check here all the INE indicators in detail
Considering the 405 municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants, the three cities with the highest average annual net income per capita in Spain in 2016 were Pozuelo de Alarcón (25,957 euros), Boadilla del Monte (19,702 euros) and Las Rozas (19,340 euros). the three of Community of Madrid. On the other hand, the cities with the lowest income per inhabitant were Níjar (Almería), with 6,253 euros, Los Palacios and Villafranca (Seville), with 6,550 euros, and Alhaurín el Grande (Málaga), with 6,629 euros.
Cities with more and less unemployment
In 2018, the lowest unemployment rates were in Sant Cugat del Vallès (6.2%), Pozuelo de Alarcón (6.4%), Las Rozas de Madrid and Donostia/San Sebastián (both with 7.2%) . In addition, ten other cities had rates below 10%. On the other hand, Linares (32.8%), La Línea de la Concepción (29.9%) and Sanlúcar de Barrameda (29.0%) presented the highest unemployment rates.
Regarding activity rates, the cities with the highest in 2018 were Rivas-Vaciamadrid (70.9%), Valdemoro (70.2%) and Parla (68.3%). On the opposite side, the only city that presented an activity rate of less than 50% was León (49.9%), followed by Gijón (50.8%), Cádiz and Salamanca (both with 51.0%).
But where does the INE get these figures from? Well then, to prepare these Urban Indicators, the agency constructs estimated rates of unemployment and activity for the 126 main cities in Spain using average values for the year, based on a model that combines data from the Active Population Survey (EPA) that given by the INE itself and the registered unemployment published by the Ministry of Labor each month.
Rich neighborhood vs poor neighborhood
As for the neighborhoods, the four richest in Spain are in Madrid and the fifth in Barcelona. And on the opposite side, three of the four poorest neighborhoods are from Seville.
In order, and according to the data provided by the INE, the poorest neighborhoods in Spain are Polígono Sur in Seville (with 4,897 euros of per capita income), Los Pajaritos/Amate in Seville (with 5,389 euros), Juan XXIII in Alicante ( 5,447 euros), Colores/Entreparques de Sevilla (5,710) and the Cordoba Azahara-Palmeras (6,207) and Polígono Guadalquivir (6,275).
On the opposite side would be the richest neighborhoods in our country, starting with Viso de Madrid (with 42,819 euros per capita income), and the also Madrid neighborhoods of Recoletos (40,681 euros), Castellana (35,816) and Piovera (35,680). . They are followed by Pedralbes in Barcelona (33,417) and Nueva España in Madrid (33,201).
Cities with the largest number of children
This indicator, which is being introduced for the first time, is defined as the average number of children that a woman residing in a municipality would have throughout her fertile life if she maintained the same fertile intensity by age as that observed in a specific year. in that municipality.
In 2016 the average number of children per woman in Spain was 1.34. By cities, those with the highest average number of children per woman were Melilla (2.34), Ceuta (1.81) and Lorca (1.68). On the contrary, the lowest averages occurred in San Cristóbal de la Laguna (with 0.97 children per woman), Gijón (0.99) and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Torrelavega (both with 1.01).
Regarding life expectancy, the average number of years that a person is expected to live from the moment of birth, has been calculated as an average of three years, with 2016 being the central reference year. Two Madrid municipalities exceeded 85 years: Pozuelo de Alarcón (85.9 years) and Majadahonda (85.3 years). Alcorcón was in third place, with 84.9. At the opposite extreme, La Línea de la Concepción was the only one of the 126 cities studied with a life expectancy at birth of less than 80 years.