What the recent speculations have been about has happened: Xi Jinping is forever. What will happen with the homeland and with them?
© Igor Stavtsev / Collage / Ridus
The Chinese parliament agreed to remove from the constitution the limit on the number of presidential terms for one person. Almost three thousand members of the National People’s Congress supported this decision. Against two, two abstained. (Who will then become angry that the NPC is a purely decorative organ?)
By “one person” in this case is understood the current head of the People’s Republic of China and the party of Xi Jinping, whose “thoughts” are now also included in the Constitution along with the CCP founder Mao Zedong. The second term of 64-year-old Xi Jinping (that is, he is only one year younger than President Vladimir Putin) has just begun, but he wisely decided not to postpone an important matter at the last moment.
There are Si – there is China, there is no Si – there is no China
Thus, China formally ended the era of reforms by Deng Xiaoping, who in the 1990s introduced a rule to limit leaders to two five-year terms in order to avoid repeating the excesses of the Mao personality cult.
Henceforth, any disagreement with C is formally equivalent to undermining the constitutional foundations of the state. That is, the situation, which left the USSR after the abolition of Article 6 of the Soviet Constitution, migrated to the Constitution of the PRC. A holy place is never empty.
If you do not find fault with the high-flown language of the resolutions of the National People’s Congress and the CPC Central Committee, then the transformation of Xi Jinping’s authority can be reduced to a short formula: “The power in China has again become truly Chinese,” says Arkady Serebryany, an associate professor at Volgograd Pedagogical University.
“I see all these comments about the fact that Si received unlimited power, but all these comments greatly exaggerate the real ability of the” red emperor “to do whatever he likes,” he told Ridus.
Consecrated from now on in the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the system of power is an exact copy of the system of power of all Chinese states, from Mao Zedong and deep into millennia, the historian explains.
“In China, from time immemorial, the powers prescribed on paper and the real capabilities of the ruler were clearly delineated. The Chinese supreme ruler, for example, had the right, by his own hands, to strangle any official disliked him directly in the throne room. The emperor for this purpose sent an official a silk cord, giving that choice: to execute a death sentence independently or to entrust his execution to the emperor personally. But at the same time, the emperor could not retreat from the norms and traditions accepted in society, that is, he was, in fact, a slave on the throne, “says Arkady Serebryany.
So are the powers of Xi Jinping: they seem to be almost unlimited, both on the party and on the state line (and it is not always possible to say exactly where one flows into another). But the CPC General Secretary and the PRC president, like the “real” emperors, continue to be in bondage to the tradition – albeit communist, but from this her pressure does not become less insurmountable.
“The very description of Xi Jinping’s” ideas “-socialism with the Chinese characteristics of a new era-shows that in this country the communist dogma and national tradition have merged into one whole, moreover the longest and the most continuous in the history of human civilization,” the Sinologist said.
Will be like silk
The events taking place in China are essentially equivalent to a coup d’etat, even by the state itself and the initiated, believes Andrei Dikarev, an expert at the Center for East Asia of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations.
In any authoritarian system of power, for its normal functioning, the figure of the leader, whose personality, as an axis, will be planted the entire party-state structure from top to bottom is vital. In China, the system is just that. And since the entire Celestial Empire is now at a serious crossroads, the system instinctively triggers a protective reflex, which describes a well-known proverb: horses do not change at the ferry, he said earlier to Ridus.
The expert of the Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Larin agrees with this.
“Xi Jinping monopoly, almost imperial power is needed not as an end in itself. It is for him – as a control panel, clicking on the buttons which he forces the country to perform certain actions. And the country should execute commands from the console without question, otherwise the remote is absolute power – it just does not work as it should, “he said.
The leitmotif of his rule Si made a large-scale anti-corruption campaign, during which any Chinese party-state functionary can be removed from his post, sentenced to prison or even shot.
Now, Larin predicts, one can expect that even more mass purges in the party, the elimination of the slightest manifestations of the independence of the lower-level party committees – all under the flag of the fight against corruption, will begin, of course.
Already during the period between the XVIII and XIX Congress of the CCP, 440 party officials were repressed, 43 of them – members of the Central Committee. Although almost all repressions were justified by the fight against corruption, they touched in an amazing way only those party members who doubted the correctness of rejecting the concept of constant rotation of the supreme leadership laid down by Deng Xiaoping.
If Larin is right in his predictions, then it is only logical that along with the introduction of amendments to the constitution on the life of the head of the PRC, legislators introduced an amendment to create a new anti-corruption body, the National Supervisory Commission, in which suspects will be prohibited from accessing lawyers. The amendment will be approved on March 20.
NOC will henceforth fulfill the role of the messenger, who in imperial China had to hand over the silk cord to the dignitary sentenced to death. The only difference is that Xi Jinping does not need to choke off unwanted officials in the throne room with his own hands.