eAn hour's exercise a day is enough for children and adolescents, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) – but only a few young people can manage this workload. According to a WHO study, four out of five young people around the world are not doing enough. Only one fifth of the 11 to 17 year olds are sufficiently active. Even German teenagers in the study in the magazine "The Lancet" of this Friday cut off badly: 79.7 percent of boys and even 87.9 percent of girls in 2016 were physically not active enough. Compared to 2001, the figures for Germany have barely changed, and there have been only minor improvements worldwide.
"We've had an electronic revolution that has obviously changed the movement patterns of teenagers – and encouraged them to sit more, be less active, drive more, walk less," says Leanne Riley, one of the co-authors of the study , The young people ultimately played more digitally than really being active.
Another reason for lack of physical activity is also the question of security in some regions or environments. "There are environments where it is becoming increasingly dangerous to be outside and to be active. If it is not safe enough to be outside, then kids are less likely to walk to school or ride their bikes, "says Riley.
Biggest gender differences in industrialized countries
The WHO recommends that children and adolescents between the ages of five and 17 should move at least 60 minutes a day. Everything beyond that would also be beneficial for your health. Meanwhile, adults (18-64 years old) should exercise at least 150 minutes per week or, alternatively, exercise at least 75 minutes.
The difference between boys and girls that can be observed for Germany is also reflected on a global level: while 77.6 percent of boys do not move enough, 84.7 percent of girls do so. The largest differences between the sexes were found in Ireland (17 percentage points) and the United States (16.5 percentage points). "Here are also cultural aspects. In some cultures, girls are not supposed to be as active as boys, or they are not encouraged to move as much as the boys, "Riley explains.
Accordingly, the quota of people with disabilities ranges from 66 percent in Bangladesh to 94 percent in South Korea. The survey is based on survey data from the years 2001 to 2016, with 1.6 million students aged between eleven and 17 interviewed in 146 countries.
"Very bleak health picture" for the future
The WHO had actually set the goal of reducing the proportion of young people with too little exercise by 2030 to 70 percent. "We can not meet this goal if these trends continue," says Regina Guthold, study author and WHO expert on youth health. "We absolutely have to do more," says study co-author Leanne Riley. Otherwise, threaten a "very bleak health picture" of the youth.
. (tagsToTranslate) Leanne Riley (t) WHO (t) World Health Organization (t) The Lancet (t) Germany