Doctors should encourage healthy adults with slightly elevated blood pressure or cholesterol to lead a less sedentary lifestyle and move more, with the goal of improving heart health. This is suggested by a new study, released by the American Heart Association (AHA) and published in the scientific journal “Hypertension”, which encourages doctors to actually “prescribe” exercises, intended for all patients suffering from blood pressure and cholesterol. mildly to moderately high. Prescriptions should include tips on how to manage and increase exercises related to daily physical activity, even just by walking or climbing stairs more often.
How to reduce pressure with physical activity: the advice of the Esc
“The first treatment strategy for many of these patients should involve lifestyle changes, which can begin with an increase in physical activity,” said Bethany Barone Gibbs, as stated in a statement released by the AHA itself. Gibbs who coordinated the research work, and is an associate professor in the Department of Health and Human Development and Clinical and Translational Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh, explained that “the American Heart Association guidelines for the diagnosis of hypertension and cholesterol, recognize that individuals with mildly or moderately elevated levels of these cardiovascular risk factors should actively attempt to reduce the risks ”.
The importance of physical activity
A healthy lifestyle based on exercise, even moderate, “can help lower blood pressure and cholesterol, while also providing many other health benefits,” explained Gibbs. The improvements, in addition to cardiovascular health, can also be linked to a reduction in the risk of some cancers, to an improvement in bone, brain and mental health and to better sleep.
Less health risks
According to experts, increasing physical activity can lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure by an average of 3-4 mmHg and can reduce LDL cholesterol by 3-6 mg / dL. In addition, research released by the AHA shows that physically active people have a 21% lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease and a 36% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease, compared to inactive people. In all of this, explains the American Heart Association, doctors can do their part, informing patients about their level of physical activity and encouraging them when they observe even the smallest positive changes. All this by providing them with useful ideas and resources, geared towards a healthy lifestyle. The lifestyle changes highlighted in the guidelines for blood pressure and cholesterol also include, in addition to increased physical activity, also weight loss, improved diet, smoking cessation and moderation in ‘ alcohol intake.