Covid increases risk of children developing diabetes, study says

Children and adolescents infected with the coronavirus are at a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes in the first six months after the illness, compared to those who have never had contact with the virus. The discovery was made by researchers from the School of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University, in the United States, and published in the scientific journal JAMA Network, last Friday (23/9).

In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin, the hormone that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Treatment is with daily injections of the hormone to keep blood sugar in the normal range.

In the new study, the scientists analyzed the risk of developing the second disease at one, three and six months, based on data from 571,256 patients aged up to 18 years. They were registered on the TriNetX Analytics platform, a US health records database.

The researchers looked at two specific groups of patients: those who had been diagnosed with Covid-19 between March 2020 and December 2021 and those who received care for other respiratory infections in the same period.

Advertising from partner Metrópoles 1
Metrópoles 2 partner advertising
Metrópoles 3 partner advertising
Metrópoles 4 partner advertising
Advertising from the Metrópoles 5 partner

In the first month, the probability of being diagnosed with diabetes was 96% higher among those infected with the coronavirus. Within three months, the risk had increased to 110%, and then after six months, it had risen to 83%.

Up to six months after being diagnosed with Covid, 123 children and adolescents developed type 1 diabetes – corresponding to 0.043% of the total study participants. In the other group, 72 patients developed the disease after several respiratory infections (0.025%).

Get news from metropolises on your Telegram and stay on top of everything! Just access the channel: