Children and adolescents infected with the coronavirus are at a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes in the first six months after the illness, compared to those who have never had contact with the virus. The discovery was made by researchers from the School of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University, in the United States, and published in the scientific journal JAMA Network, last Friday (23/9).
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin, the hormone that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Treatment is with daily injections of the hormone to keep blood sugar in the normal range.
In the new study, the scientists analyzed the risk of developing the second disease at one, three and six months, based on data from 571,256 patients aged up to 18 years. They were registered on the TriNetX Analytics platform, a US health records database.
The researchers looked at two specific groups of patients: those who had been diagnosed with Covid-19 between March 2020 and December 2021 and those who received care for other respiratory infections in the same period.
Anyone with diabetes knows that there are many foods that should be avoided, especially those rich in bad fats, salt and, of course, sugar. On the other hand, there is also a list of foods that should be included in the menu to help keep blood sugar levels in check.The Picture Pantry/ Getty Images
One of the natural foods that can help manage diabetes is salmon, which is rich in essential nutrients like vitamin D, protein, and niacin. Not to mention omega-3s, which can help protect heart health and reduce inflammation associated with the disease.Catherine Falls Commercial/ Getty Images
Orange is another natural food that can help control diabetes, because in addition to helping to reduce cholesterol levels, it has fibers that help in the compaction of the time in which the fruit sugar is absorbed in the body. This helps to control blood glucose. In addition, it has a low glycemic index.Alexander Spatari/ Getty Images
Kale is rich in several essential nutrients for people with diabetes. That’s because in addition to having vitamins A, C, B6 and K, it has folic acid, magnesium, calcium, fibers, oxidants and bile acid sequestrants, substances that lower cholesterol and limit the absorption of fat by the body.LauriPatterson/ Getty Images
Oatmeal is one of the natural foods that have beta-glucan in its composition, a kind of heart-healthy fiber that slows down digestion and, consequently, prevents blood sugar from going out of control.Dougal Waters/ Getty Images
Beans are high-fiber and protein-rich foods with a low glycemic index, which help prevent fluctuations in blood sugar levels and also slow the rise in glucose levels. Aleksandr Zubkov/ Getty Images
According to experts from the Annals of Family Medicine, cinnamon is quite beneficial to help control blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. That’s because it is able to decrease glycated hemoglobin levels and improve insulin availability. Westend61/ Getty Images
Consumption of small portions (at least five times a day) of flaxseeds is recommended for people with diabetes. In addition to being a source of magnesium, which helps control the release of insulin in the body and control blood glucose, it is rich in fiber and good fats.Arletta Cwalina / EyeEm/ Getty Images
Excellent source of unsaturated fats, which lowers bad cholesterol and increases good ones, low in carbohydrates and rich in magnesium, protein, iron, zinc, fiber and vitamins B and E, almonds help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and also help control the diseaseElizaveta Antropova/ Getty Images
Indicated for those with diabetes, heart disease and cancer, green tea helps regulate glucose in the body and is rich in polyphenols and antioxidants.ATU Images/ Getty Images
Apple cider vinegar is another natural food that helps in controlling diabetes. That’s because it helps to slow down the absorption of sugar and significantly improves insulin sensitivity or resistance to it. Daily consumption of the equivalent of two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar added to meals is recommended.jayk7/ Getty Images
In the first month, the probability of being diagnosed with diabetes was 96% higher among those infected with the coronavirus. Within three months, the risk had increased to 110%, and then after six months, it had risen to 83%.
Up to six months after being diagnosed with Covid, 123 children and adolescents developed type 1 diabetes – corresponding to 0.043% of the total study participants. In the other group, 72 patients developed the disease after several respiratory infections (0.025%).
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