Venezuelans fleeing their country. Photo: AP
            The exodus of Venezuelans in search of better living conditions due to the economic and social crisis in their country leads to a public health problem that drives the receiving countries in the region: Colombia, Brazil and, to a lesser extent, Ecuador, Peru and Argentina. , they register cases of malaria, measles and diphtheria caused by the migratory phenomenon.
The doctor specializing in epidemics and infections, Julio Castro, told the open television network Televen, that although these evils are under control in the aforementioned countries, alarms are lit in the health systems, because it implies additional costs in the budget .
"Measles, for example, already begins to count cases in the indigenous population of the Brazilian state of Roraima. The figures indicate that between 30 and 35 percent of this population has symptoms "of this virus.
Castro added that Venezuela has 35 percent of cases of measles at the continental level, with 4 thousand people infected in the last 18 months.
The tendency is repeated with diphtheria, a disease that is not controlled by the government of Nicolás Maduro and for which there are no official figures.
In this regard, he warned that the authorities have blocked the national epidemiological bulletin for four years, which prevents having a demographic diagnosis of diseases to combat them; As of today, the information available comes directly from the doctors who keep their own account of the cases they serve.
The last epidemiological bulletin published officially by the Ministry of Health of Venezuela corresponds to the final week of 2016, and its publication, in February of 2017, cost the post shortly thereafter to the then Minister of Health, Antonieta Caporale.
The document had come to light after more than 15 months of silence on the epidemics of the country and had data that already moved the scandal: infant mortality had increased 30 percent compared to 2015, because 11 thousand 466 children had died one year.
Another dramatic fact in the bulletin was that maternal mortality had increased 66 percent, since in the same period 756 pregnant women died.
That was the last news report of its kind, which means that there are about 23 months of silence, in the midst of the worsening of the humanitarian crisis that has been caused by the shortage of food and medicines and aggravated by the high levels of inflation.
The epidemiological bulletin, which was published on a weekly basis, contained information on 72 notifiable diseases in the country.
The director of the Department of Social Inclusion of the Organization of American States (OAS), Betilde Muñoz, said last June that the Venezuelan migration crisis is a threat to the entire American continent that requires a coordinated response from the countries of the region.
"This migration is a regional risk issue and represents a threat to the security, peace, tranquility and health of the entire hemisphere. If we do not take control and provide medicines and vaccines, we can have epidemiological outbreaks, "said the OAS representative.
According to calculations of the United Nations (UN), about 2.3 million Venezuelans have left their country due to the political, social and economic crisis and, of them, almost one million have settled in Colombia.


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