France is not one of the most emitting countries in Europe for greenhouse gases. In 2018, France accounted for only 10% of CO2 emissions in the European Union, while Germany reached 22%.
This is explained by the preponderance of nuclear energy in the production of electricity. But the effect of nuclear energy poses other problems, in particular that of the treatment of radioactive waste.
CO2 emissions: Europe has a mixed record
France is also positioning itself well since it has reduced its CO2 emissions by 3.5% in 2018, but this after two years of increase, and with a 6% overrun of the commitments made in the Paris Agreements.
Annual inspections of heating equipment
Also, the energy consumption of the French does not decrease any more since 2015, according to Adème. The most energy-consuming sector in France is the building. France has put in place housing renovation schemes, but is still lagging behind and could follow the example of Denmark which has made annual inspections of large heating equipment mandatory with very stringent standards in terms of building performance.
Germany is banking on the development of offshore wind
Another challenge in France is the development of renewable energies. These represent 16% of the country's energy production, which is relativelyGermany which started its energy transition in 2011, and of which 40% of the energy produced in the country comes from renewable energies.