Funeral of Elizabeth II: what are the symbols that adorned the queen’s coffin

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  • BBC News World

19 September 2022

image source, Getty Images

Four symbols of the British monarchy stood out in the funeral honors of Elizabeth II: the imperial crown of the State, the orb, the scepter and the royal standard. We explain its meaning

The imperial crown of the state

The imperial crown of the State symbolizes the sovereignty of the monarch. It is the one worn by the king or queen after the coronation. It is used in the opening ceremonies of the new legislatures in Parliament.

It is made of gold and adorned with 2,868 diamonds, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, 269 pearls and four rubies. It contains the most famous jewels of the royal collection: the Black Prince ruby, the Stuart sapphire and the Cullinan II diamond. The Saint Edward sapphire is in the center of the top cross.

This gemstone is believed to have been embedded in a ring worn by King Edward the Confessor in the 11th century.