Magic mushrooms

Replace plastic

Mushrooms could not only help liberate the planet from plastic by degrading it, but also by outdating it. Research in the Kew report suggests that naturally-derived materials that use mushroom mycelia are increasingly being used instead of more damaging materials such as polystyrene and leather.

Trichoderma fungus can turn waste plants into fuel.




Trichoderma Mushroom can turn waste plants into fuel. Photo: Alamy Stock Photo

Generate biofuels

Mushrooms can also help process agricultural waste into useful fuel. According to a study published in the Clean technologies and environmental policy Journal, certain types of mushrooms Trichoderma have the ability to break up waste plants into sugars, which then become a useful ethanol fuel with the help of yeast.

A piece of plastic that has been broken down by Aspergillus tubingensis.



A piece of plastic, pierced by
Aspergillus tubingensis, Photo: Courtesy of Sehroon Khan

"Plastic-eating" mushroom

The Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew's recently released "State of the World" Fungi report revealed that a fungus species could help combat the damage our huge plastic waste deposits are inflicting on the planet. Scientists in Islamabad have discovered that the Aspergillus tubingensis Diversity could break down plastic much faster than the decades the material takes to decompose naturally.

Cellulase enzymes accelerate the papermaking process



Cellulase enzymes accelerate the papermaking process. Photo: Alamy

Make paper green

Recycled paper is good and beautiful, but how we produce this paper also affects the environment. According to the Unesco-IHE Institute of Water Education, a single A4 sheet consumes up to 13 liters of water. The mushrooms Trichoderma and Humicola Accelerate the process and save water, loud Advances in enzyme research Magazine and the Journal of nutrition & Food science,

Aspergillus can remove bleach from water used in cotton production




Aspergillus can remove bleach from water used in cotton production. Photo: Alamy / Alamy Stock Photo

Containment of cotton contamination

The processing of cotton is not so environmentally friendly, but the Aspergillus Mushroom can make it greener. Research in The Mycota Book series & # 39; Industrial applications in mushroom enzymes says that using catalase enzymes from the mushrooms will break the excess bleach in the wastewater from the process, making it less harmful.

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