HANOI, Vietnam – On Wednesday, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar's civilian leader, rejected widespread allegations that her country's military had launched ethnic cleansing on Rohingya Muslims. This campaign was so brutal that the UN recommended that the highest commanders be tried for genocide.

"There are, of course, ways in which we might think in retrospect that the situation could have been handled better, but we believe that, in the interests of long-term stability and security, we must do justice to all sides." Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi said in a rare appearance at an international forum in Hanoi, the Vietnamese capital.

Since August last year, more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled neighboring Bangladesh amid executions, rapes and village burnings in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar. International human rights groups have documented in detail how the Myanmar military organized the bloodshed, which killed at least 10,000 people, according to a United Nations estimate.

But Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi declined to criticize what she called the "military aspect" in her speech at the World Economic Forum on Asean. Instead, she denounced the international community for not focusing on the violence of armed Rohingya militants against members of other ethnic and religious groups in Rakhine.

"We must be fair to the government, even if the rest of the world is not interested," said Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi on Thursday.

Your government did not say how many non-Rohinyga were killed in Rakhine last year, but numbers from local officials indicate that the total is just over 50.

"If someone feels there was a miscarriage of justice, I want them to point that out," she said.

Vice President Mike Pence appealed to reporters U Wa Lone and U Kyaw Soe Oo to be released and added his voice to a chorus of international condemnation of the conviction.

Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi said on Thursday that she has formed commissions – at least half a dozen, to this day – to look into the overall situation in Rakhine State. International members of one of these commissions – including Bill Richardson, former United States Ambassador to the United Nations, quit this year in protest and said they did not want to attend a whitewash.

Although Myanmar and Bangladesh signed an agreement last year to send the volunteer Rohingya back to Rakhine, Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi accused Bangladesh of obstructing the trial she allegedly started in January. "At the time, Bangladesh said they were not quite ready," she said. "We can not get her out of Bangladesh."

In the camps in Bangladesh, which are the largest single refugee settlement in the world, some Rohingya have refused to return to the battlefield of the Burmese and Myanmar military in Myanmar.

"It's wet and uncomfortable here," said Noor Farooq, a former shopkeeper in Rakhine, on Thursday when monsoon rains threatened to wash away more refugee shelters built on recently exposed hills in eastern Bangladesh. "I miss my home, but at least I'm safer here than in Rakhine."

Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi gave her talk in Hanoi in a room that was barely half full. It was a striking departure from her first appearance at the World Economic Forum in 2012 when she traveled to Bangkok for almost a quarter of a century to make her first overseas trip. Freed from long years of house arrest, she was bullied in Thailand like a rock star, and given military excesses as a model of moral authority.


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