… the site of Nice was conquered by the Romans two centuries before our era. Which made it a real city of nearly twenty thousand inhabitants, Christianized from the 4th century, undergoing barbarian invasions at the fall of the Roman Empire. Nice reappeared in history at the turn of the millennium, seat of the bishopric, prosperous, extended beyond its walls, taking advantage of the many monasteries that were established around. However, like much of Provence, wars, power struggles, epidemics, famines, undermined this naturally poor territory.
A vacation spot.
Possession of the Duchy of Savoy, Nice was transformed into a citadel, ramparts which slowed down its expansion but did not prevent its destruction by the French. By which it will be annexed after the Revolution before returning to the House of Savoy in 1814, taking advantage of the restored peace to renovate itself, create a port and many new constructions before becoming, in the first decades of the 18th century, a place of winter vacation for the English first, then by the Great Europeans, before being definitively attached to France in 1860.
Shopping and tourist.
A trader from the Renaissance with Italy, and the Mediterranean in general, Nice and its region remained nonetheless poor due to ungrateful agriculture. Not taking advantage of the industrial revolution, the city of Nice was finally able to prosper thanks to aristocratic tourism first, seeing the construction of palaces, rich residences, public buildings, the Promenade des Anglais, then after the Second World War, the mass vacation. Consequently, leading to a pool of tertiary jobs supplied by business tourism with a convention center and exhibition center.
Between sea and mountains, thirty kilometers from Italy, with a remarkable hotel capacity to accommodate millions of tourists from all over the world, from an international airport, a marina and cruise ship, a university town and of research with Sophia-Antipolis and several higher education establishments, Nice has multiple cultural facilities including a national theater, an opera and a conservatory. From which the people of Nice benefit while waiting for the establishment of a high-speed rail line planned for the coming decade.
Summer or residential sectors.
Developed around Old Nice, the city is divided between Italian and French town planning. Narrow alleys and broad streets typically Haussmannian coexist in a housing stock where rental is scarce, with 13% of second homes and 7% of single-family homes. Popular with foreigners, with many areas reserved for summer residences and tourists in the old town, Nice nevertheless remains accessible to families and retirees thanks to recently-built residences and working-class areas at lower prices.
- Department: Alpes-Maritimes (06)
- Region: PROVENCE-ALPES-COTE-D-AZUR
- Population: 343,300 inhabitants
- Owners: 48.0%
- (source : Insee)