Libya has increased the chaos in the country by one more degree in recent hours since NATO supported a revolt in 2011 that ended with the murder of Muammar Gaddafi. As he did in 2017, General Jalifa Haftar, leader of the Libyan National Army (LNA, for its acronym in English) and authentic strong man In the country, he announced that the presiding military council is preparing to assume political control of Libya. “We want to announce that the general command has listened to the wishes of the people and that, despite the enormous responsibility, the size and the many obligations involved, we will accept the popular wish,” he declared in a televised speech in which he ended the agreement. reached in 2015 in the Moroccan city of Skhirat, which led to the formation of the current Government of National Accord in Tripoli (GNA).
The GNA, headed by Fayez Serraj, has the support of the UN and is recognized by the international community, but its control is limited to the capital and the western part of the country. This Executive issued a statement in which he described as “farce” the announcement of the “war criminal” Haftar, whom they accused of “giving a military coup to the democratic route with the aim of covering their continued defeats.” Analyst Jalel Harchaoui also referred to the rebel general movement as a “military coup” and he assured on his Twitter account that “it reveals aspirations that are not new. It is one more step towards dictatorship and absolute control of the territories under the control of the LNA ».
Haftar, former colonel of the Gaddafi regime who in the 1980s was recruited by the CIA and became main opponent in the In exile, it is backed by countries such as Russia, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and in recent years it has managed to control the main oil infrastructures and form the largest military force operating in the country, the LNA.
For almost a year unsuccessfully attempts to seize control of the capital in an offensive that already leaves more than 2,000 dead. The GNA, with the military support of Turkey, Qatar or Italy, resists in the capital in this pulse that has become a kind of mini world war on Libyan soil.
Call to dialogue
The head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), Stephanie Williams, stressed that the 2015 Political Agreement and “the authorities emanating from it”, that is, the unity Government, “remain the single governance framework internationally recognized »in the country. The United States called for “dialogue” and called for a “humanitarian ceasefire.” Washington “regretted” Haftar’s decision and recalled the suffering of the civilian population due to the war and the expansion of the coronavirus.
Dmitri Peskov, a Kremlin spokesman, noted that “Russia is in contact with all the parties to the conflict because we think that there is no other way to fix the Libyan problem.”