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‘Zede are a risk for investors’: Cohep

SAN PEDRO SULA

Through an extensive legal analysis, the board of directors of the Honduran Council of Private Enterprise (Cohep) considered that thes employment and economic development zones (Zede), as a model of development and investment in the country, “have been denatured from every point of view, generating at this moment too many risks to investors and to the State of Honduras due to the lack of transparency and the way in which they have been authorized ”.

“In the same way, this model of economic and social development must be widely consulted with the different sectors of Honduran society in order to have legitimacy.”

According to the private sector union, the constitutional reforms that give legal birth to the Zede and the Organic Law Of these, they lack legitimacy as they have not been approved through a broad process of consultation with the Honduran population and its different sectors.

3 Keys to the zedes in the country The Cohep yesterday issued its official considerations on the areas of employment and economic development.

According to the law. The Zede enjoy functional and administrative autonomy that includes the functions, powers and obligations that the Constitution of the Republic and the laws confer on the municipalities. They will have autonomous and independent courts with exclusive jurisdiction.

More benefits. On May 24, the National Congress approved a series of reforms to the Zedes Law and granted more exemptions and tax benefits for employment and economic development zones, in force since 2013 in Honduras.

They request information. Cohep instructed its executive management to request information from the CN, the National Institute of Statistics (INE), SAR, the Customs Administration, Ministry of Finance and the Committee for the Adoption of Best Practices (Camp), all in relation to the Zede .

“The legislative decree approved by the National Congress by means of which the ‘Norms to regulate fiscal and customs relations between the competent entities of the State of Honduras and the Employment and Economic Development Zones (Zede) has grounds of unconstitutionality, violating the principle of legality that is the cornerstone of the Condition of law and therefore Article 1 of the Constitution of the Republic, which establishes that Honduras is a Rule of law”, Added Cohep among the conclusions expressed in the legal analysis.

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This means that any norm that is created in the country must be governed by the process of formation, sanction and promulgation of the law, respecting the existing legal norms and inspired by the principles that form the law, he explained.

According to the private sector, A lot of they are an imposition of a new Condition inside of the State of Honduras, “By giving attributions to these Zede that differentiate them from Condition Honduran, having a differentiated territory, a population that must be registered within this territory and a power different from that of the Honduran State ”.

The Cohep He warned national and foreign businessmen that investments made in the Zede are high risk due to the lack of legal security.

For Cohep, establishing that A lot of have the consideration of fiscal and customs extraterritoriality “will generate a fiscal deficit for public finances and local governments, so this is an issue that may compromise the agreements signed with multilateral financing bodies with which the State of Honduras has committed”.

In consideration of the union, the Committee for the Adoption of Best Practices (Camp) “has acted outside the law, authorizing the approval of the creation of the Zede outside of the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic and the Organic Law of the Zede “.

The union considered that the actions of the members of the Camp, who have authorized the creation of the Zede, “are invalid and are subject to civil, administrative and criminal liability, and it can be concluded that since the A lot of by the National Congress we are facing a criminal type of administrative prevarication and abuse of authority and non-compliance with the duties and functions of public officials ”.

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Regarding the Prospera project being built there, the councilor of Roatan, Rully Siguenza, said that “they never presented requests to report on that zede.”

In the businessmen’s opinion, economic and social development through job creation cannot be subject to rules that are contrary to the Rule of law, being doctrinal principles of the Cohep: Ensure the operation of a Democratic staterepresentative and subsidiary at the service of man and not at the service of Condition.

As well as ensuring the development of free initiative protected by the rights granted by the Constitution and the laws; the generation of wealth that ensures the creation of jobs, income and legitimate profits to those who assume the business risk and to the State, tributes for their fair and equitable distribution to the really needy in society.

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During a visit in the tiger island, in Amapala, Valle, President Juan Orlando Hernández said yesterday that one cannot speak of illegality in relation to the Zede, “because it is a matter that has already passed through the Supreme Court of Justice and three for him National Congress”.

The president assured that in Amapala more than 80% of the people are unemployed, “and that is why it is necessary to install these areas in Honduras”.

Hernández said that in an employment zone there are advantages such as that the employee will have 10% more salary in relation to being outside of it, in addition to the fact that 90% of the workers must be Honduran.

“Those sectors that oppose the employment zones and that allege issues of illegality and other fundamental aspects is that they do not want employment to be generated in Honduras”He added.

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The President recalled that in Amapala there has not yet been talk of installing an employment zone, because so far there are only three authorized in Honduras, but he stressed that with the highway that links the Atlantic and Pacific oceans “once completed there will be better options for the entire region ”.

The head of the Executive also gave as an example that “the most modern and largest agropark in Latin America is currently being built in San Marcos de Colón, Choluteca”, where currently more than 400 people are working in the construction of the project, and by August another 600 more will be incorporated.

During an interview given days ago to GOTV (Grupo Opsa), the president of Cohep, Juan Carlos Sikaffy, said that you cannot have special development zones “and put Honduran companies at a disadvantage.”

Mayors have conflicting positions on the zede

TEGUCIGALPA. The Zede continue to create conflicting positions in various sectors of Honduran society.

This time, the building authorities of the municipalities where the so-called model cities are to be installed expressed their points of view. The mayor of Choloma, Leopoldo Crivelli, is of the opinion that the Zede will generate wealth and more jobs.

“Model cities will generate“ between 1,000 to 1,500 jobs and opportunities. In Choloma the investment would be “from $ 150 million to $ 200 million, it is a nice investment, imagine that all the drugs for all of Central America and part of Latin America from a pharmaceutical house will be made here.”

The alderman of Roatán, Rully Siguenza, affirmed that the Zede will not benefit the island at all; Furthermore, “they never presented any request to hold a Zede meeting, we don’t know anything, so far there have been four marches against Roatán, now signatures will be collected.”

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