According to the National Center for Blood Transfusion, the number of blood donors in the state of Chihuahua increased 30 percent between the first five months of 2020 and the same period of 2021, going from 6,842 to 5,175, respectively.
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Throughout 2020, there was a 49 percent decrease compared to 2019, as it went from 13,967 to only 9,354 donors, due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
According to the National Center for Blood Transfusion, the requirements to donate blood are to be over 18 years of age; not have been sick with the flu, cough, diarrhea or intestinal infection in the last 14 days; not having taken medication during the last 7 days, or aspirin during the last 3 days; not having had surgery in the last six months; not have consumed fatty foods during the last 24 hours before this process.
It is also necessary not to have consumed alcoholic beverages during the last 72 hours prior to the donation; not having been in endodontic treatment, acupuncture, or having had a tattoo or piercing in the last 12 months and not having performed risky sexual practices or use of drugs of any kind, nor suffering from canker sores, cold sores, or allergy symptoms In addition, the donor must be fasting for a minimum of six hours and a maximum of eight.
According to the Federal Ministry of Health, a person who attends as a volunteer, undergoes a medical review to take a medical history, and is asked to be honest in the answers, since the safety of the blood will depend on that.
It is necessary to allow the doctor to perform a general review to assess whether the person is a candidate to donate. If there are no contraindications, the donation (blood draw) begins, which will last about 10 to 15 minutes.
Once the donation has concluded, the person must rest and take the refreshment that is provided in the place
The SS has launched various campaigns in which it is stated that voluntary blood donation is done out of solidarity, altruism, generosity, and awareness is raised in people, since everyone at some point may need blood, either for themselves or for a relative, so it is called empathy.
In addition, a person who is a donor, regenerates his blood, as the body detects that it is being donated, immediately sets in motion a complex mechanism that “manufactures” new blood.